Terms of Use & Copyright


UNHCR holds copyright in the information available on Refworld website, unless otherwise stated. The information presented is protected under relevant international conventions and under national laws on copyright.

Refworld is made available to UNHCR staff, governments and to the public as a support tool for refugee status determination and other related research purposes only. Extracts of the information in this website may be reviewed, reproduced or translated for research or private study but not for sale or for use in conjunction with commercial purposes. Any use of information made available on the website shall be accompanied by an acknowledgment of the source, citing the uniform resource locator (URL) of the text. Reproduction or translation of substantial portions of the website, or any use other than for educational, research or other non-commercial purposes, require explicit, prior authorization in writing.

If you wish to mirror, reproduce, republish or translate any of the information for wider dissemination, please contact us, including in your message details of such proposed use, the nature and size of the intended audience. 

UNHCR has information-sharing agreements with all its Strategic Information Partners. All documents and materials originating from information providers on this website are either covered by these agreements, or available in the public domain. They may be copied and downloaded from this website for the user's personal, non-commercial use. Further distribution and/or any commercial use of the documents on this website use are strictly prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.

Should you wish to raise any copyright issues, please contact us.





Use of this website, and all pages in this domain (together, the “Refworld website”), constitutes acceptance of the following terms and conditions.


1. The Refworld Website

The information presented within the Refworld website is made available to those who may choose to access the website (“Users”) for informative purposes only. All content, including documents, photographs, video or audio materials (collectively “Materials”) on the Refworld website is made available by UNHCR for personal, non-commercial use without any right to resell or redistribute the Materials or to compile or create derivative works therefrom. Extracts of the information in this website may be reviewed, reproduced, or translated for research or private study but not for sale or for use in conjunction with commercial purposes. Any use of the Materials from the Refworld website shall be accompanied by an acknowledgment of the source, citing the uniform resource locator (URL) of the text.

Any use other than for personal or educational purposes, including reproduction or translation of substantial portions of the Materials of the Refworld website, requires the express prior written permission of UNHCR and, if applicable, the permission of the relevant publishers and/or authors holding copyrights on the Materials. All Materials of the Refworld website are protected by law including, as applicable, copyright laws. UNHCR and relevant copyright holders reserve the right to seek all remedies available by law for any violation of these terms of use, including any violation of rights in their names and emblem and as well as their rights in connection with the information, artwork, text, video, audio, or photo materials of the Refworld website.

The Materials are selected on the basis of UNHCR’s established criteria for inclusion and in its own sole discretion. UNHCR periodically adds, changes, improves or updates the Materials on this website without notice. UNHCR reserves the right at any time to change or discontinue any aspect or feature of the Refworld website, including but not limited to these terms of use, hours of availability and equipment needed for use.


2. Disclaimer

UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, the content of the non-UNHCR Materials available on Refworld.

Unless expressly stated otherwise, the findings, interpretations and conclusions expressed in the Materials on this website are those of the various UNHCR staff members, consultants and advisers to UNHCR or to the United Nations Secretariat who prepared them and do not necessarily represent the views of the United Nations, including UNHCR or other UN-system organizations, or their Member States. The responsibility for opinions expressed in signed articles, studies and other contributions made available on this website rests solely with their authors, and publication does not constitute an endorsement by the United Nations or UNHCR of the opinions expressed therein.

Under no circumstances shall UNHCR be liable for any loss, damage, liability or expense incurred or suffered that is claimed to have resulted from the use of this website, including, without limitation, any fault, error, omission, interruption or delay with respect thereto. The use of this website is at the User’s sole risk.

UNHCR does not represent or endorse the accuracy or reliability of any advice, opinion, statement or other information provided by any information provider, any user of this website or any other person or entity. Reliance upon any such advice, opinion, statement, or other information shall be at the User's own risk. Neither UNHCR nor its entities, nor any of their respective agents, employees, information providers or content providers, shall be liable to any User or anyone else for any inaccuracy, error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, alteration of or use of any content herein, or for its timeliness or completeness, nor shall they be liable for any failure of performance, computer virus or any other contamination, or communication line failure, regardless of cause, or for any damages resulting therefrom.

Although UNHCR has taken the utmost care to ensure that users are provided with all relevant information on the documents made available on Refworld based on the applicable taxonomies, UNHCR is not responsible for any incorrect classification or categorization of such documents nor should it be deemed to officially endorse them.

Official documents are provided in their original language and any available language version. When a translation is made available by third parties, this may be an official translation (where indicated), however UNHCR is not in a position to verify and/or certify the official nature of such translation.  

As a condition of use of this website, the User agrees to indemnify UNHCR from and against any and all actions, claims, losses, damages, liabilities and expenses (including reasonable attorneys' fees) arising out of the User's use of this website, including, without limitation, any claims alleging facts that if true would constitute a breach by the User of these Terms of Use. If the user is dissatisfied with any Materials on this website or with any of its Terms of Use, the user's sole and exclusive remedy is to discontinue using the website.


3. Composition of regions

The composition of regions, as displayed on the homepage of this website, and on the "Regions" menu, is based on the "Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications" by the United Nations Statistics Division.


4. Link to other websites

This website may contain links and references to third-party websites. The linked websites are not under the control of UNHCR, and UNHCR is not responsible for the validity or accuracy of content posted on any linked website or any link contained in a linked website, including their privacy practices. UNHCR provides these links only for research purposes, and the inclusion of a link or reference does not imply the endorsement of the linked website by UNHCR.


5. UNHCR Name and Emblem

UNHCR name, emblem and logo are the exclusive property of UNHCR. They are protected under national and international law. Unauthorized use is prohibited. They may not be copied or reproduced in any way without the prior written permission of the entity concerned.


6. Preservation of Immunities

Nothing herein shall constitute or be considered to be a limitation upon or a waiver of the privileges and immunities of the United Nations, including UNHCR and other UN-system organizations, or their member States as providers of Materials made available on this website, and are specifically reserved.


7. General

UNHCR reserves its exclusive right in its sole discretion to alter, limit or discontinue the website or any Materials in any respect. UNHCR shall have no obligation to take the needs of any User into consideration in connection therewith.

UNHCR reserves the right to deny in its sole discretion any user access to this website or any portion thereof without notice. No waiver by the UNHCR of any provision of these Terms of Use shall be binding except as set forth in writing and signed by its duly authorized representative.

The use of particular designations of countries or territories and related data shown on maps and included in lists, tables, documents, and databases on this website does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNHCR, the United Nations or other UN-system organizations, concerning the legal status of such countries or territories, of their authorities and institutions, or concerning the delimitation of their frontiers or boundaries. 

The mention of names of specific companies or commercial products or processes (whether or not indicated as registered) does not imply any intention to infringe proprietary rights, nor should it be construed as an endorsement or recommendation on the part of the United Nations, UNHCR, or other UN-system organizations sharing Materials on this website.


Latest revision of this page: 08 January 2024