Importance of the universal realization of the right of peoples to self-determination and of the speedy granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples for the effective guarantee and observance of human rights.

  • Author: UN General Assembly (37th sess. : 1982-1983)
  • Document source:
  • Date:
    3 December 1982
  The General Assembly, Recalling its resolutions 2649 (XXV) of 30 November 1970, 2955 (XXVII) of12 December 1972, 3070 (XXVIII) of 30 November 1973, 3246 (XXIX) of29 November 1974, 3382 (XXX) of 10 November 1975, 33/24 of 29 November 1978,34/44 of 23 November 1979, 35/35 of 14 November 1980 and 36/9 of 28 October1981, as well as Security Council resolutions 418 (1977) of 4 November 1977and 437 (1978) of 10 October 1978, Recalling also its resolutions 2465 (XXIII) of 20 December 1968,2548 (XXIV) of 11 December 1969, 2708 (XXV) of 14 December 1970, 3103 (XXVIII)of 12 December 1973 and 3314 (XXIX) of 14 December 1974 concerning the use andrecruitment of mercenaries against national liberation movements and sovereignStates, as well as Security Council resolutions 496 (1981) of 15 December 1981and 507 (1982) of 28 May 1982, Recalling further its relevant resolutions on the question of Palestine,in particular resolutions 3236 (XXIX) and 3237 (XXIX) of 22 November 1974,36/120 of 10 December 1981 and ES-7/6 of 19 August 1982, Recalling also its resolutions on the question of Namibia, in particularresolution ES-8/2 of 14 September 1981, Recalling the resolutions on Namibia adopted by the Council of Ministersof the Organization of African Unity at its thirty-seventh ordinary session,held at Nairobi from 15 to 26 June 1981, particularly resolutionsCM/Res.855 (XXXVII) and CM/Res.865 (XXXVII), Deeply concerned at the continued terrorist acts of aggression committedby the Pretoria regime against independent African States, in particularAngola, Botswana, Mozambique, Seychelles and Zambia, Deeply angered by the occupation of part of the territory of Angola bythe troops of the racist regime of South Africa, Recalling the Political Declaration adopted by the First Conference ofHeads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity and theLeague of Arab States, held at Cairo from 7 to 9 March 1977, Considering that the denial of the inalienable rights of the Palestinianpeople to self-determination, sovereignty, independence and return toPalestine and the repeated acts of aggression by Israel against the peoples ofthe region constitute a serious threat to international peace and security, Deeply shocked and alarmed at the deplorable consequences of the Israeliinvasion of Beirut on 3 August 1982, and recalling all the resolutions of theSecurity Council, in particular resolutions 520 (1982) of 17 September 1982and 521 (1982) of 19 September 1982, Reaffirming its faith in the importance of the implementation of theDeclaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,contained in General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960, Reaffirming the importance of the universal realization of the right ofpeoples to self-determination, national sovereignty and territorial integrityand of the speedy granting of independence to colonial countries and peoplesas imperatives for the full enjoyment of all human rights, Reaffirming that "bantustanization" is incompatible with genuineindependence, national unity and sovereignty and has the effect ofperpetuating the power of the white minority and the racist system ofapartheid in South Africa, Reaffirming the obligation of all Member States to comply with theprinciples of the Charter of the United Nations and the resolutions of theUnited Nations regarding the exercise of the right to self-determination bypeoples under colonial and foreign domination, Reaffirming also that the system of apartheid imposed on the SouthAfrican people constitutes an inadmissible violation of the rights of thatpeople and a constant threat to international security, Reaffirming the national unity and territorial integrity of the Comoros, Gravely concerned at the continuation of the illegal occupation ofNamibia by South Africa and the continued violations of the human rights ofthe peoples still under colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation,

1. Calls upon all States to implement fully and faithfully theresolutions of the United Nations regarding the exercise of the right toself-determination and independence by peoples under colonial and foreigndomination;

2. Reaffirms the legitimacy of the struggle of peoples forindependence, territorial integrity, national unity and liberation fromcolonial and foreign domination and foreign occupation by all available means,including armed struggle;

3. Reaffirms the inalienable right of the Namibian people, thePalestinian people and all peoples under foreign and colonial domination toself-determination, national independence, territorial integrity, nationalunity and sovereignty without outside interference;

4. Notes again with satisfaction resolution AHG/Res.103 (XVIII) adoptedby the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization ofAfrican Unity at its eighteenth ordinary session, held at Nairobi from 24 to27 June 1981, and the decisions of its Implementation Committee to organizeand conduct a general, free and regular referendum on self-determination inWestern Sahara, and welcomes the willingness of the United Nations tocollaborate in the implementation of the process envisaged by the Organizationof African Unity;

5. Takes note of the contacts between the Government of the Comoros andthe Government of France in the search for a just solution to the integrationof the Comorian island of Mayotte into the Comoros in accordance with theresolutions of the Organization of African Unity and the United Nations onthis question;

6. Condemns the policy of "bantustanization" and reiterates its supportfor the oppressed people of South Africa in their just and legitimate struggleagainst the racist minority regime of Pretoria;

7. Further condemns South Africa for its increased oppression of theNamibian people, for the massive militarization of Namibia and for its armedattacks on the front-line States with the aim of destabilizing theirGovernments;

8. Strongly condemns the establishment and use of armed terroristgroups by South Africa with a view to pitting them against the nationalliberation movements and destabilizing the legitimate Governments of southernAfrica, thus impeding effective implementation of General Assembly resolution1514 (XV);

9. Strongly reaffirms its solidarity with the independent Africancountries and liberation movements that are victims of the murderous acts ofaggression of the Pretoria regime and of its attempts at destabilization;

10. Strongly condemns once again the invasion and occupation of part ofthe territory of Angola by troops of the racist Pretoria regime and demandsthe immediate withdrawal of those troops from Angolan territory;

11. Reaffirms that the practice of using mercenaries against sovereignStates and national liberation movements constitutes a criminal act and thatthe mercenaries themselves are criminals, and calls upon the Governments ofall countries to enact legislation declaring the recruitment, financing andtraining of mercenaries in their territories and the transit of mercenariesthrough their territories to be punishable offences, and prohibiting theirnationals from serving as mercenaries, and to report on such legislation tothe Secretary-General;

12. Strongly condemns the continued violations of the human rights ofthe peoples still under colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation,the continuation of the illegal occupation of Namibia, and South Africa'sattempts to dismember its Territory, the perpetuation of the racist minorityregime in southern Africa and the denial to the Palestinian people of theirinalienable national rights;

13. Also strongly condemns the policies of those Western and othercountries whose political, economic, military, nuclear, strategic, culturaland sports relations with the racist minority regime in South Africa encouragethat regime to persist in its suppression of the aspirations of peoples toself-determination and independence;

14. Again demands the immediate application of the mandatory armsembargo against South Africa, imposed under Security Council resolution418 (1977), by all countries, particularly by those countries that maintainmilitary and nuclear co-operation with the racist Pretoria regime and continueto supply related mat riel to that regime;

15. Notes again with satisfaction the Paris Declaration on Sanctionsagainst South Africa, the Special Declaration on Namibia and the reports ofthe technical and political commissions adopted by the InternationalConference on Sanctions against South Africa, held in Paris from 20 to27 May 1981, convened jointly by the United Nations and the Organization ofAfrican Unity;

16. Demands the immediate implementation of General Assembly resolutionES-8/2 on Namibia;

17. Calls for a substantial increase in all forms of assistance given byall States, United Nations organs, specialized agencies and non-governmentalorganizations to the victims of racism, racial discrimination and apartheidthrough their national liberation movements recognized by the Organization ofAfrican Unity;

18. Strongly condemns those Governments that do not recognize the rightto self-determination and independence of all peoples still under colonial andforeign domination and alien subjugation, notably the peoples of Africa andthe Palestinian people;

19. Strongly condemns the increasingly widespread massacres of innocentand defenceless people, including women and children, by the racist minorityPretoria regime in its desperate attempt to thwart the legitimate demands ofthe people;

20. Strongly condemns the massacre of Palestinians and other civiliansat Beirut on 17 September 1982;

21. Strongly condemns the expansionist activities of Israel in theMiddle East and the continual bombing of Palestinian civilians, whichconstitute a serious obstacle to the realization of the self-determination andindependence of the Palestinian people;

22. Strongly condemns the Israeli aggression against Lebanon inJune 1982, which endangers stability, peace and security in the region, andreiterates its support for the efforts undertaken to implement the resolutionsof the Security Council, in particular those demanding the immediate andunconditional withdrawal of Israeli forces from Lebanese territory tointernationally recognized boundaries and respect for the sovereignty andterritorial integrity of Lebanon;

23. Urges all States, competent organizations of the United Nationssystem, specialized agencies and other international organizations to extendtheir support to the Palestinian people through its sole and legitimaterepresentative, the Palestine Liberation Organization, in its struggle toregain its right to self-determination and independence in accordance with theCharter of the United Nations;

24. Demands the immediate and unconditional release of all personsdetained or imprisoned as a result of their struggle for self-determinationand independence, full respect for their fundamental individual rights and theobservance of article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, underwhich no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degradingtreatment;

25. Recommends that the Security Council should make urgent appeals forclemency to the South African authorities in order that the lives of the threeAfrican National Congress freedom fighters sentenced to death on 6 August 1982may be saved in accordance with General Assembly resolution 37/1 of1 October 1982;

26. Demands the immediate release of children detained in Namibian andSouth African prisons;

27. Reiterates its appreciation for the material and other forms ofassistance that peoples under colonial rule continue to receive fromGovernments, United Nations agencies and intergovernmental organizations, andcalls for a substantial increase in this assistance;

28. Urges all States, specialized agencies and competent organizationsof the United Nations system to do their utmost to ensure the fullimplementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to ColonialCountries and Peoples and to intensify their efforts to support peoples undercolonial, foreign and racist domination in their just struggle forself-determination and independence;

29. Requests the Secretary-General to give maximum publicity to theDeclaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoplesand to give the widest possible publicity to the struggle being waged byoppressed peoples for the realization of their self-determination and nationalindependence;

30. Decides to consider this item again at its thirty-eighth sessionon the basis of the reports that Governments, United Nations agencies andintergovernmental and non-governmental organizations have been requested tosubmit concerning the strengthening of assistance to colonial territories andpeoples.

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