U.S. Department of State 2007 Trafficking in Persons Report - Guinea

Guinea (Tier 2)

Guinea is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and sexual exploitation. Guinean children are trafficked within the country mainly from impoverished rural areas of Upper and Middle Guinea; girls are trafficked for domestic servitude and sexual exploitation and boys are trafficked for forced labor as street vendors, shoe shiners, beggars, and for forced mine and agricultural labor. Guinean women and girls are trafficked abroad to Cote d'Ivoire, Benin, Senegal, Nigeria, South Africa, Spain, and Greece for domestic servitude and sexual exploitation. Girls are trafficked to Guinea from Nigeria, Ghana, Mali, Burkina Faso, Liberia, Senegal and Guinea-Bissau for sexual exploitation and domestic servitude. Guinean men are occasionally trafficked within Guinea for agricultural labor. Some from the People's Republic of China (P. R. C. ) women and girls are trafficked to Guinea for sexual exploitation. Organized trafficking networks from Nigeria, China, India, and Greece use Guinea as a point of transit, moving female victims through the Maghreb countries to Europe, notably Italy, Ukraine, Switzerland, and France.

The Government of Guinea does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so, despite limited resources. To strengthen its response to trafficking, Guinea should pass legislation prohibiting all forms of trafficking, increase efforts to investigate and prosecute traffickers and rescue victims, with a focus on children subjected to sexual exploitation.

Prosecution

The Government of Guinea made minimal efforts to combat trafficking through law enforcement in the last year. Guinea prohibits all forms of trafficking in persons through separate statutes. Labor trafficking is criminalized through Article 337 of its 1998 Penal Code, which prescribes penalties of six months' to 10 years' imprisonment – penalties that are sufficiently stringent. Forced prostitution and child prostitution are criminalized by Article 329 of its Penal Code, which prescribes penalties of six months' to two years' imprisonment if the trafficked victim is an adult, and two to five years' imprisonment if the victim is a child. These penalties for sex trafficking of adults are not sufficiently stringent and not commensurate with penalties prescribed for other grave crimes, such as rape. The government arrested and jailed a suspected trafficker for attempting to sell his daughter. The police arrested two individuals for trafficking a minor to Liberia for domestic servitude, but the case could not be pursued because the victim denied the charges and asked that the suspects be released. The police are currently investigating two transnational trafficking cases. During the last year, the government continued drafting a law prohibiting all forms of trafficking and a separate law against child trafficking as part of a new child legal code. The government failed to investigate reports that higher level government officials might be protecting some traffickers. Guinea also failed to respond to a report of child commercial sexual exploitation.

Protection

The Government of Guinea continued to make progress in providing care to trafficking victims during the reporting period. Although the government does not operate or fund victim shelters, it liaised with NGOs to place 22 child trafficking victims in foster homes. A government case manager monitored each child's care to ensure that medical and legal services were provided. The government continued to provide free phone service for an NGO-operated 24-hour victim hotline. The government requires that victims participate in trafficking prosecutions before a case may go to trial. Guinea does not provide legal alternatives to the removal of foreign victims to countries where they would face hardship or retribution. Due to lack of crime data, it is unclear whether Guinea inappropriately incarcerates, fines, or penalizes victims for unlawful acts committed as a direct result of being trafficked.

Prevention

The Government of Guinea continued solid efforts to raise awareness about trafficking during the reporting period. The government contributed funding for some costs associated with an ILO study on the number of children in domestic labor, mining, and street vending, or who are associated with drug or arms sales. The National Committee to Combat Trafficking hosted a workshop in July 2006 to evaluate whether Guinea's national action plan is in compliance with ECOWAS' trafficking guidelines, concluding that it does comply. The government has integrated trafficking-relatede issues into the primary school curriculum. The Ministry of Defense, through its own child protection office, has developed a 2007 plan to combat child trafficking. The government continued to contribute personnel, vehicles and other travel resources to an intensive national media campaign against trafficking that it launched jointly with UNICEF in 2005.

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