U.S. Department of State 2004 Trafficking in Persons Report - Tanzania

Tanzania (Tier 2 Watch List)

Tanzania is a source country for women and children trafficked for the purposes of sexual exploitation and forced labor. Tanzanian girls are internally trafficked for forced domestic servitude and, to a lesser extent, for prostitution in the Middle East, South Africa, and Europe. Tanzania is a destination country for women and children from India, Kenya, Burundi, and Democratic Republic of the Congo who are trafficked for forced agricultural labor and forced prostitution.

The Government of Tanzania does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. Tanzania has been placed on Tier 2 Watch List for lack of evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking from the previous year. The government should increase efforts to investigate and prosecute cases of trafficking, including the provision of trafficking-related training to law enforcement officials. It should also take concrete steps to prevent trafficking from occurring.


In 2003, Tanzania showed few signs of significant anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts. Tanzanian law criminalizes trafficking for sexual purposes, but the country lacks a comprehensive anti-trafficking law that addresses trafficking for the purposes of forced labor. Forced labor is, however, prohibited by the Constitution. Tanzania produced no prosecutions or convictions of traffickers during the reporting period. A Tanzanian man and woman were arrested in October 2003 for trafficking young girls from the rural Iringa region to Dar es Salaam; the government offered no further information on whether the couple faces prosecution. A 2002 prosecution involving 12 individuals for operating a brothel that prostituted underage girls continued during the last year.


The government does not provide protection services for trafficking victims, but supports the work of NGOs. At the village and ward levels, local government, in conjunction with ILO's "Time Bound" Child Labor Program, utilizes child labor councils to report trafficking cases. No information is available regarding the specifics of this work. In 2003, the government created a children's welfare desk at police headquarters in Dar es Salaam to serve as a focal point for reporting trafficking cases. This desk is the intended destination to which trafficked children can go for help, as well as liaison with and referral to local NGOs. On the other hand, there are known cases of police officers colluding with bar owners and others involved in commercial sexual exploitation, engaging in questionable practices involving children, and accepting bribes to ignore instances of trafficking. The government supports anti-child labor efforts by providing public buildings for classrooms and community centers.


The trafficking working group founded by the Ministry of Labor in 2001 remained inactive. During 2003, a local-language public service announcement on child trafficking was aired on the government-owned television.


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