U.S. Department of State 2001 Trafficking in Persons Report - Ukraine

Ukraine (Tier 2)

Ukraine is a major source and transit country for women and girls trafficked abroad for the purposes of sexual exploitation. The women primarily are trafficked into Central and Western Europe, the United States, and the Middle East.

The Government of Ukraine does not meet the minimum standards and is limited by lack of financial resources and low-level corruption; however, Ukraine has increased efforts to combat trafficking over the past 3 years, and has partially implemented its anti-trafficking action plan. In 1998 Parliament amended the criminal code to make trafficking in human beings a crime punishable by imprisonment for 8 years and confiscation of property. Since then the Government has brought 37 criminal cases against suspected traffickers. The court sentenced a Greek man to 7 years and two Ukrainian women to 5 years in prison for trafficking. However, most of the cases ended in acquittals, and those convicted received only small fines. Ukraine relies on special police units trained by both the Government and NGO's to investigate trafficking cases, but they have had limited impact thus far. The Government established three business centers to assist unemployed women in Ukraine, and works with Ukrainian diplomatic missions to improve responses to Ukrainian trafficking victims abroad. The Government does not support any other prevention or protection programs. Ukraine cooperates in international investigations of trafficking.


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