2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Norfolk Island (jointly-governed Australian Territory)

There is limited information regarding the extent and nature of child labor and the quality and provision of education in non-independent countries and territories eligible for GSP, AGOA, and CBTPA benefits. These countries and territories generally are not eligible to become members of the ILO, so ILO Conventions 138 and 182 do not apply to any of them.[4357] Territories are subject to laws of the sovereign country.

Statistics on the number of working children under the age of 15 on Norfolk Island are unavailable, as is information on the nature of child labor. Norfolk Island is a self-managing territory that shares legislative power with the Government of Australia on a range of issues, including education and labor relations. Education is free and compulsory between the ages of 5 and 15. Norfolk Island's Employment Act of 1988 prohibits the employment of children under the age of 15 years during school hours and between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. Slavery and sexual servitude are also prohibited and punishable under Australian Federal law.[4402]

[4357] ILO official, electronic communication to USDOL official, January 31, 2002. Most of the areas covered in this summary report are considered by the ILO to be non-metropolitan territories and therefore, are ineligible to become members of the ILO. An ILO member can submit a declaration to the ILO requesting that these conventions apply to their non-metropolitan territories. See Constitution; available from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/about/iloconst.htm.

[4402] U.S. Embassy-Canberra, email communication, May 31, 2005.


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