2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Pitcairn Islands (territory of the United Kingdom)

There is limited information regarding the extent and nature of child labor and the quality and provision of education in non-independent countries and territories eligible for GSP, AGOA, and CBTPA benefits. These countries and territories generally are not eligible to become members of the ILO, so ILO Conventions 138 and 182 do not apply to any of them.[4357] Territories are subject to laws of the sovereign country.

In 2002, the Government of Pitcairn Islands reported that there were no working children in the territory.[4403] Children under the age of 15 are prohibited from engaging in paid government work.[4404] Education is free and compulsory between the ages of 5 and 15.[4405] In 2002, the net primary enrollment rate was 100 percent.[4406] Gross and net enrollment ratios are based on the number of students formally registered in primary school and therefore do not necessarily reflect actual school attendance. Recent primary school attendance rates are not available for the Pitcairn Islands. Under the Summary Offences Ordinance, a parent or guardian who does not ensure the regular attendance of their child at school can be fined up to NZD 25 (USD 15.80).[4407]

[4357] ILO official, electronic communication to USDOL official, January 31, 2002. Most of the areas covered in this summary report are considered by the ILO to be non-metropolitan territories and therefore, are ineligible to become members of the ILO. An ILO member can submit a declaration to the ILO requesting that these conventions apply to their non-metropolitan territories. See Constitution; available from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/about/iloconst.htm.

[4403] Leon Salt, Commissioner for Pitcairn Islands, electronic communication to USDOL official, August 25, 2002.

[4404] Leon Salt, Commissioner for Pitcairn Islands, electronic communication to USDOL official, November 7, 2000.

[4405] Ibid.

[4406] Salt, electronic communication, August 25, 2002.

[4407] Ibid., Section 23, Part V. For currency conversion see FXConverter, [online] [cited June 1, 2004]; available from http://www.oanda.com/convert/classic.


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