Court restrictions trade union activities to collective bargaining only: On Friday 10 April 2015 the Supreme Court of Nepal barred trade unions from being involved in political activities, and ruled that trade unions would have to limit their activities to collective bargaining.

The court's ruling on the role and activities of trade unions was a response to a petition filed by advocate Arjun Kumar Aryal on 8 April 2015, demanding that all trade unions affiliated to political parties be declared illegal and a single authoritative trade union be formed. Aryal had claimed that political activities by trade unions had tarnished the image of government offices.

Nepal's Interim Constitution of 2007 allows civil servants and industry-based workers to form trade unions to protect their collective rights. The 1993 Civil Service Act also allows civil servants to form trade unions.

Limitations or ban on strikes in certain sectors: Legislation denies the right to strike to employees providing essential services. In recent years, the government has used that legislation to ban strikes in many sectors, including banking, telecommunications, electricity, water supply, road, air and sea transport, the print industry, the government, press, and hotels and restaurants.

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