• Author: UN General Assembly (33rd sess., resumed : 1979)
  • Document source:
  • Date:
    29 January 1979

196. Protectionism

The General Assembly, Recalling its resolutions 3201 (S-VI) and 3202 (S-VI) of 1 May 1974 containing the Declaration and the Programme of Action on the Establishment of the New International Economic Order, 3281 (XXIX) of 12 December 1974 containing the Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States and 3362 (S-VII) of 16 September 1975 on development and international economic co-operation, as well as the relevant resolutions adopted by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development at its fourth session, held at Nairobi from 5 to 31 May 1976,[1] Affirming that the expansion of international trade on an equitable basis should be beneficial to all countries and that trade liberalization in favour of developing countries is an important means of achieving such expansion, Recognizing the vital importance of export earnings to the economies of the developing countries, Believing that expansion of the exports of developing countries is an important means of financing their self-sustained growth, Acknowledging that the accelerated growth of the economies of the developing countries is a key element in the over-all improvement of the world economy, Noting that increasing protectionist measures aggravate inflation in the developed countries, which is in turn transferred to the developing countries, Bearing in mind the widespread and growing concern about the growth of protectionism in developed countries against the exports of the developing countries,

1. Calls upon the developed countries to adhere strictly to the commitment concerning the standstill on new tariff and non-tariff barriers or intensification of existing ones against the exports of developing countries;

2. Urges the developed countries to eliminate speedily all forms of protectionist measures and practices against the exports of developing countries, bearing in mind, inter alia, section I.3, paragraph (a) (x), of General Assembly resolution 3202 (S-VI) and section I, paragraph 8, of Assembly resolution 3362 (S-VII);

3. Calls upon the developed countries to carry out structural changes with respect to less competitive sectors of their economies with a view to expansion of existing, and creation of new, production capacities in developing countries.

95th plenary meeting
29 January 1979

[1] See Proceedings of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Fourth Session, vol. I, Report and Annexes (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.76.Il.D.10 and corrigendum), part one, sect. A.

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