Advisory services in the field of human rights

X. RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED ON THE REPORTS OF THE THIRD COMMITTEE
926. Advisory services in the field of human rights

The General Assembly, Considering that, by Articles 55 and 56 of the United Nations Charter, the States Members of the United Nations have pledged themselves to promote universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion, Recognizing that technical assistance, by the international interchange of technical knowledge through international co-operation, represents one of the means by which it is possible to promote the human rights objectives of the United Nations as set forth in the Charter and in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Recalling General Assembly resolution 729 (VIII) of 23 October 1953 authorizing the Secretary-General to render, at the request of Member States, services which do not fall within the scope of existing technical assistance programmes, in order to assist those States in promoting and safeguarding the rights of women, Recalling General Assembly resolution 730 (VIII) of 23 October 1953 authorizing the Secretary-General to render, at the request of any Member State, technical advice and other services which do not fall within the scope of existing technical assistance programmes, in order to assist the Government of that State within its territory in the eradication of discrimination or in the protection of minorities, or both, Recalling General Assembly resolution 839 (IX) of 17 December 1954 authorizing the Secretary-General to render, at the request of Member States, services which do not fall within the scope and objectives of existing technical assistance programmes, in order to assist those States in promoting freedom of information, and Economic and Social Council resolution 574 A (XIX) of 26 May 1955 requesting the Secretary-General to take steps to put into operation a programme to promote freedom of information by providing such services as experts, fellowships and seminars, Taking account of the arrangements previously established by the General Assembly concerning the regular technical assistance programme and the advisory services of the United Nations in its resolutions 200 (III) of 4 December 1948, 246 (III) of 4 December 1948, 305 (IV) of 16 November 1949, 418 (V) of 1 December 1950, 518 (VI) of 12 January 1952 and 723 (VIII) of 23 October 1953, Considering that the specialized agencies, within their competence and by virtue of their regular programmes of technical assistance, are already rendering important services to their members with a view to ensuring the effective observance of human rights,

1. Decides to consolidate the technical assistance programmes already approved by the General Assembly (relating to the promotion and safeguarding of the rights of women, the eradication of discrimination and the protection of minorities as well as to the promotion of freedom of information) with the broad programme of assistance in the field of human rights proposed in the present resolution, the entire programme to be known as "advisory services in the field of human rights";

2. Authorizes the Secretary-General:

(a) Subject to the directions of the Economic and Social Council, to make provision at the request of Governments, and with the co-operation of the specialized agencies where appropriate and without duplication of their existing activities, for the following forms of assistance with respect to the field of human rights:

(i) Advisory services of experts;

(ii) Fellowships and scholarships;

(iii) Seminars;

(b) To take the programme authorized by the present resolution into account in preparing the budgetary estimates of the United Nations;

3. Requests the Secretary-General to undertake the assistance provided for in paragraph 2 (a) above, in agreement with the Governments concerned, on the basis of requests received from Governments and in accordance with the following policies:

(a) The kind of service to be rendered to each country under paragraph 2 (a) (i) shall be determined by the Government concerned;

(b) The selection of the persons under paragraph 2 (a) (ii) shall be made by the Secretary-General on the basis of proposals received from Governments;

(c) The amount of assistance and the conditions under which it is to be rendered shall be decided by the Secretary-General, with due regard to the greater needs of the under-developed areas, and in conformity with the principle that each requesting Government shall be expected to assume responsibility, as far as possible, for all or a considerable part of the expenses connected with the assistance furnished to it, either by making a contribution in cash, or by providing supporting staff, services and payment of local costs for the purpose of carrying-out the programme;

(d) The assistance shall be applicable to any subject in the field of human rights, in addition to the subjects covered by the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly, provided however that the subject shall be one for which adequate advisory assistance is not available through a specialized agency and which does not fall within the scope of existing technical assistance programmes;

4. Requests the Secretary-General to report regularly to the Economic and Social Council, to the Commission on Human Rights and, as appropriate, to the Commission on the Status of Women, on the measures which he takes in compliance with the terms of the present resolution;

5. Recommends that the specialized agencies continue to develop their technical assistance activities with a view to aiding Member States to further the effective observance of human rights;

6. Invites the specialized agencies to communicate to the Economic and Social Council, for transmission to the Commission on Human Rights, any observations which they may find appropriate on the above-mentioned assistance and on any new measures of assistance which they may deem necessary with a view to assisting Member States in furthering the effective observance of human rights;

7. Expresses the hope that international and national non-governmental organizations, universities, philanthropic foundations and other private groups will supplement this United Nations programme with similar programmes designed to further research and studies, the exchange of information and assistance in the field of human rights;

8. Requests the Secretary-General to inform Member States of this new programme and of the procedures to be followed in obtaining assistance;

9. Requests the Economic and Social Council to submit to the General Assembly at its thirteenth session a report containing:

(a) An evaluation of the projects carried out under the programme of advisory services in human rights, with particular reference to the extent to which these projects have furthered the aims and purposes of the United Nations in the field of human rights;

(b) Recommendations concerning the future of the programme.

554th plenary meeting,
14 December 1955.
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