The Ewe and Togoland unification problem

555. The Ewe and Togoland unification problem

The General Assembly, Noting that, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 441 (V) of 2 December 1950, the Trustee ship Council has devoted a special chapter[1]1of its annual report to setting forth the steps undertaken in connexion with the Ewe and Togoland unification question, Noting in particular the endorsement[2]2by the Trusteeship Council of the decision of the Administering Authorities concerned to terminate the activities of the Standing Consultative Commission and to establish a joint Council for Togoland Affairs to advise them on matters of common concern to the two Trust Territories, and to assist in harmonizing development in these Territories, Noting that the Trusteeship Council also recommended[3]3that the two Administering Authorities ensure that the scope of responsibilities of the proposed joint council be sufficiently broad to enable it to exercise its functions with respect to all questions of common concern to the people of the two Trust Territories, including questions of political, economic, social, educational and cultural development, Noting that the Trusteeship Council further recommended[4]4that the method of determining the composition and selecting the members of the joint council be such as to ensure, if possible, the participation of the major groups in the two Trust Territories, Having examined the arrangements made by the two Administering Authorities concerned for the establishment and operation of the joint council as set out in document A/C.4/198, Having considered the oral representation[5]5made in regard to these arrangements by the representatives of the All-Ewe Conference, the joint Togoland Congress and the Comité de l'unité togolaise,

1. Notes the objections raised by those representatives against the proposed arrangements in respect of, firstly, their inadequacy as a means of solving the Ewe and Togoland unification problem and, secondly, their failure to ensure equitable and democratic representation of all sections of the population;

2. Notes with concern, from the statements made by those representatives in amplification of petitions received from the Trust Territories, the atmosphere of tension which appears to exist in the Territories as a result of the delay in arriving at an adequate solution, and notes also the statements[6]6in a different sense made by the representatives of the Parti togolais du progrés and the Union des Chefs et des populations du nord du Togo sous administration française;

3. Notes further the comments[7]7of the two Administering Authorities concerned on the observations of the petitioners;

4. Urges the two Administering Authorities concerned and the peoples involved to exert every effort to achieve a prompt, constructive and equitable settlement of the problem, taking fully into account the freely expressed wishes of the people concerned;

5. Recommends to this end that the Administering Authorities consult fully with the various parties and groups concerned before constituting the proposed joint council, with a view to devising satisfactory procedures for the election of representatives to the council;

6. Recommends that the Administering Authorities, in consultation with the representatives of the peoples concerned, extend the functions and powers of the joint council to enable it to consider all aspects of the Ewe and Togoland unification problem and to make recommendations thereon;

7. Recommends, in view of the urgency of this problem, that the Trusteeship Council devote more intensive attention to all aspects of it affecting the two Trust Territories;

8. Recommends further that the Trusteeship Council, at its tenth session, arrange for the dispatch to the Trust Territories concerned of a special mission, or alternatively, for its next periodic visiting mission to these two Trust Territories to devote sufficient time to the problem to study it thoroughly, including the functioning of the proposed joint council, and to submit to the Trusteeship Council a detailed report thereon, including specific recommendations, which shall take full account of the real wishes and interests of the peoples concerned;

9. Requests the Trusteeship Council to instruct the mission so dispatched to submit its report to the Council for consideration at its eleventh session;

10. Requests the Trusteeship Council to submit to the General Assembly at its seventh regular session a special report covering all aspects of the problem.

361st plenary meeting,
18 January 1952.

[1] See Official Records of the General Assembly, Sixth Session, Supplement No. 4, part I chapter IV. [2] See Trusteeship Council resolution 345 (IX). [3] Ibid. [4]4 Ibid. [5] See Official Records of the General Assembly, Sixth Session, Fourth Committee, 226th, 228th, 229th, and 234th meetings. [6] Ibid., 33rd meeting. [7] Ibid., 229th and 233rd meetings.

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