Threats to the political independence and territorial integrity of Greece

III. RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED ON THE REPORTS OF THE FIRST COMMITTEE
193. Threats to the political independence and territorial integrity of Greece

A

The General Assembly,

1. Having considered the reports[1] of the Specali Committee established by General Assembly resolution 109 (II),[2]

2. Having noted the conclusions of the Special Committee and, in particular, its unanimous conclusion that, despite the aforesaid resolution of the General Assembly, "the Greek guerrillas have continued to receive aid and assistance on a large scale from Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia, with the knowledge of the Governments of those countries,[3] and that the Greek guerrillas in the frontier zones have, as found by the Special Committee:

(i) "Been largely dependent on external supply. Great quantities of arms, ammunition and other military stores have come across the border, notably during times of heavy fighting. Strongly held positions of the guerrillas have protected their vital supply lines from Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and, in particular, from Albania. In recent months, there has been less evidence of receipt of supplies from Yugoslavia by the guerrillas;

(ii) "Frequently moved at will in territory across the frontier for tactical reasons, and have thus been able to concentrate their forces without interference by the Greek army, and to return to Greece when they wished;

(iii) "Frequently retired safely into the territory of Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia when the Greek army exerted great pressure";

3. Having noted further the conclusions of the Special Committee that a continuation of this situation "constitutes a threat to the political independence and territorial integrity of Greece and to peace in the Balkans"' and "that the conduct of Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia had been inconsistent with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations",[4]

4. Having noted the recommendations submitted by the Special Committee,

5. Considers that the continued aid given by Albania, Bulgaria. and Yugoslavia to the Greek guerrillas endangers peace in the Balkans, and is inconsistent with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations;

6. Calls upon Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia to cease forthwith rendering any assistance or support, in any form to the guerrillas in fighting against the Greek Government, including the use of their territories as a base for the preparation or launching of armed action;

7. Again calls upon Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia to co-operate with Greece in the settlement of their dispute by peaceful means in accordance with the recommendations contained in resolution 109 (II);

8. Calls upon Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia to co-operate with the Special Committee in enabling it to carry out its functions, in particular the function of being available to assist the Governments concerned in accordance with paragraph 10 (c) of the present resolution, and upon Greece to continue to co-operate toward the same end;

9. Recommends to all Members of the United Nations and to all other States that their Governments refrain from any action designed to assist directly or through any other Government any armed group fighting against the Greek Government;

10. Approves the reports of the Special Committee, continues it in being with the functions conferred upon it by resolution 109 (II) and instructs it:

(a) To continue to observe and report on the response of Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia to the General Assembly injunction not to furnish aid to the Greek guerrillas, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 109 (II) and the present resolution;

(b) To continue to utilize observation groups with personnel and equipment adequate for the fulfilment of its task;

(c) To continue to be available to assist the Governments of Albania, Bulgaria, Greece and Yugoslavia in the implementation of resolution 109 (II) and of the present resolution; and for this purpose, in its discretion to appoint, and utilize the services and good offices of one or more persons whether or not members of the Special Committee;

11. Decides that the Special Committee shall have its principal headquarters in Greece and, with the co-operation of the Government or Governments concerned, shall perform its functions in such places as it may deem appropriate for the fulfilment of its mission;

12. Authorizes the Special Committee to consult, in its discretion, with the Interim Committee with respect to the performance of its functions in the light of developments;

13. Requests the Secretary-General to provide the Special Committee with adequate staff and facilities to enable it to perform its functions.

Hundred and sixty-seventh plenary meeting,
27 November 1948.

B

The General Assembly Recommends that Greece, on the one hand, and Bulgaria and Albania, on the other, establish diplomatic relations with each other, the absence of which is harmful to the relations between these countries; Recommends the Governments of Greece, Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia to renew the previously operative conventions for the settlement of frontier questions or to conclude new ones, and also to settle the question of refugees in the spirit of mutual understanding and the establishment of good-neighbour relations; Furthermore recommends the Governments of Greece, Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia to inform the Secretary-General of the United Nations at the end of six months, for communication to Member States of the United Nations, of the fulfilment of the above-mentioned recommendations. Hundred and sixty-seventh plenary meeting,
27 November 1948.

C

The General Assembly Recommends the return to Greece of Greek children at present away from their homes when the children, their father or mother or, in his or her absence, their closest relative, express a wish to that effect; Invites all the Members of the United Nations and other States on whose territory these children are to be found to take the necessary measures for implementation of the present recommendation; Instructs the Secretary-General to request the International Committee of the Red Cross and the League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies to organize and ensure liaison with the national Red Cross organizations of the States concerned with a view to empowering the national Red Cross organizations to adopt measures in the respective countries for implementing the present recommendation. Hundred and sixty-seventh plenary meeting,
27 November 1948.


[1] See documents A/574, A/644 and A/692. [2] See Official Records of the second session of the General Assembly, Resolutions, page 12. [3] See document A/644 in Official Records of the third session of the General Assembly, Supplement No. 8A, page 9. [4] See Official Records of the third session of the General Assembly, Supplement No. 8A, page 10.
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