International co-operation in solving international problems of a social, cultural or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms.

1991/26. International cooperation in solving international problems of a social. cultural or humanitarian character. and in promoting and encouraging universal respect for. and observance of. human rights and fundamental freedoms

The Commission on Human Rights, Recalling General Assembly resolutions 41/155 of 4 December 1986, 43/155 of 8 December 1988, 45/102 of 14 December 1990 and 45/163 of 18 December 1990 and its own resolutions 1987/42 of 10 March 1987 and 1989/49 of 7 March 1989, Conscious that it is a purpose of the United Nations and the pledge of all Member States to achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural or humanitarian character and in promoting and encouraging universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion, Desirous of achieving further progress in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, Considering that special emphasis should be put on the effective implementation of the principles embodied in the Charter of the United Nations, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and other relevant international instruments, Convinced that the effectiveness of United Nations human rights instruments would be enhanced by universal adherence to them as well as by Strict compliance of States parties with their obligations, Considering that the effective functioning of treaty bodies established pursuant to United Nations human rights instruments is essential for monitoring the implementation of such instruments including the consideration of periodic reports of States parties, Stressing that the special rapporteurs and other fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms established by the Commission on Human Rights are one of the key elements in analysing, reporting and monitoring human rights which are essential for the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms in all countries, Considering that existing regional arrangements for the promotion and protection of human rights make a major contribution to the effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms and that the exchange of information and experience in this field, as well as human rights teaching, could be further improved, Noting with satisfaction the results of the meeting held in Paris from 30 May to 23 June 1989 of the Heads of State or Government of the States participating in the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, especially the commitments of participating States in the human rights and humanitarian and related fields, Emphasizing the necessity for the international community to continue its efforts to take practical measures to prevent mass and flagrant violations as well as all other violations of human rights, including all forms of discrimination based on distinctions of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status, which continue to take place in many parts of the world, contrary to the provisions of international instruments in the field of human rights, Noting the importance that the promotion and protection of human rights have acquired on the international agenda and in relations between States,

1. Calls upon Member States to implement fully the universally recognized international standards for the promotion and protection of human rights enshrined, in particular, in the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and other relevant international instruments;

2. Supports the efforts of the Secretary-General to enhance the role and importance of the Centre for Human Rights as a coordinating unit in the system of bodies dealing with the promotion and protection of human rights;

3. Urges all States to cooperate fully with the relevant organizations of the United Nations system and other intergovernmental forums dealing with the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms in any part of the world;

4. Invites all Governments to cooperate closely with special rapporteurs appointed by the Commission on Human Rights;

5. Emphasizes the need to increase the effectiveness and objective contribution of the mechanisms established by the Commission and to make constant improvements in the procedures;

6. Considers that such cooperation will make an effective and practical contribution to the implementation of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all;

7. Expresses its conviction that the promotion of and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as the implementation of universally recognized human rights standards, are particularly important for all countries;

8. Urges Member States that have not yet done so to consider ratifying or acceding to the various international instruments in the field of human rights;

9. Recognizes the value of common efforts by Governments and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations at international, regional, bilateral and national levels in the field of human rights;

10. Considers that the results of the meeting held in Paris of the Heads of State or Government of the States participating in the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe contribute to enhanced respect for and observance of human rights and international cooperation in the promotion of human rights and in humanitarian and related fields;

11. Considers that the World Public Information Campaign on Human Rights, launched by the General Assembly in its resolution 43/128 of 8 December 1988, contributes to the promotion and improvement of understanding of human rights;

12. Emphasizes that the wide dissemination of information on human rights and the teaching of human rights are important tasks and would contribute to the implementation of universally recognized international human rights standards;

13. Reaffirms the importance of developing, in accordance with national legislation, effective national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights and of maintaining their independence and integrity;

14. Invites all States and international organizations to submit to the Secretary-General their comments and views on ways and means of strengthening international cooperation in solving international problems of a social, cultural or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms, for consideration by the Commission at its forty-eighth session.

52nd meeting
5 March 1991
[Adopted without a vote. See chap. XI.]
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