World Conference on Human Rights.

1991/30. World Conference on Human Rights

The Commission on Human Rights, Bearing in mind the objectives of the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to promote and encourage respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion, Guided by the principles governing its mandate as the body responsible, inter alia, for considering all aspects of human rights calling for the active participation of all members of the international community, Considering that, under the Charter of the United Nations and other international human rights instruments, all States have an obligation to promote international cooperation for the promotion, effective implementation and protection of all human rights and fundamental freedoms and to create the best possible conditions so that everyone may enjoy these rights and freedoms, which are and remain indivisible and interrelated, Recalling the historic developments which have taken place in international relations since the International Conference on Human Rights held in Tehran in 1968, and in particular the increasing importance that is universally being attached to the promotion, effective implementation and protection of all human rights, Aware that respect for human rights throughout the world calls for further intensification of the efforts of the world community and international bodies and for appropriate initiatives at the international, regional and national levels, Recalling its decision 1990/110 of 7 March 1990 relating to the World Conference on Human Rights, Recalling General Assembly resolution 45/155 of 18 December 1990 by which the Assembly decided to convene in 1993 a World Conference on Human Rights and requested the Commission on Human Rights to make recommendations to the Preparatory Committee for the World Conference on issues of concern to it,

1. Welcomes the unanimous decision of the General Assembly to convene a World Conference on Human Rights at a high level in 1993;

2. Recognizes the importance of the holding of a World Conference on Human Rights for the effectiveness of joint action by the United Nations and Member States to guarantee through international cooperation the promotion, effective implementation, protection and defence of all human rights;

3. Welcomes the appointment of the Under-Secretary-General for Human Rights as Secretary-General of the World Conference;

4. Appeals to all States Members of the United Nations, members of the specialized agencies and observers to take part, in accordance with the practice of the General Assembly, in the Preparatory Committee for the World Conference on Human Rights in order to help to create the necessary conditions for the success of the World Conference;

5. Recommends its Chairman, the chairpersons or other designated members of human rights bodies, including the persons chairing the bodies established under international human rights instruments or their designated representatives, as well as special and thematic rapporteurs and the chairpersons or designated members of working groups to contribute to the preparations for the World Conference by taking part as appropriate in the work of the Preparatory Committee;

6. Recommends its Chairman to inform the Preparatory Committee of the debate on the World Conference that took place at the forty-seventh session of the Commission, and in particular of the contents of the present resolution and its annex, and to make available to it a summary of the discussions;

7. Recommends the Secretary-General of the World Conference on Human Rights to convene the first meeting of the Preparatory Committee in Geneva, from 9 to 13 September 1991;

8. Requests the Secretary-General of the World Conference to arrange for informal consultations among all Member States one working day before the first meeting of the Preparatory Committee in order to prepare for the election of the five officers of the Committee with due regard for equitable geographical representation, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 45/155 ;

9. Also recommends that the rules of procedure governing the meetings of the Preparatory Committee should in so far as applicable be those of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council;

10. Recommends the Preparatory Committee to prepare the draft rules of procedure for the World Conference on the basis of the standard rules of procedure for United Nations conferences;

11. Recommends to the Secretary-General of the World Conference to draw up the provisional agenda and the programme of work of the Preparatory Committee on the basis of General Assembly resolution 45/155 ;

12. Recommends the Preparatory Committee, when discussing the agenda for the World Conference, to base its work on the objectives outlined in paragraph 1 of General Assembly resolution 45/155 , the recommendations annexed to the present resolution and any other guidelines that may be adopted by the General Assembly;

13. Recommends the Secretary-General of the World Conference to make suggestions to the Preparatory Committee as regards background documentation, including reference material on sources of information in the field of human rights;

14. Requests the Secretary-General to invite contributions of extra-budgetary resources to meet, inter alia, the costs of participation by representatives of the least developed countries in the preparatory meetings and the World Conference itself, in conformity with paragraph 7 of General Assembly resolution 45/155 ;

15. Takes note with appreciation of the offers made by certain States to host the World Conference;

16. Requests the Secretary-General of the United Nations to report to the Commission at its forty-eighth session on progress in the preparations for the World Conference;

17. Decades to consider the question at its forty-eighth session, under the agenda item "World Conference on Human Rights".

52nd meeting
5 March 1991
[
Adopted without a vote. See chap. XI.]

ANNEX Recommendations

1. The Preparatory Committee for the World Conference on Human Rights, being guided by a spirit of consensus, should make suggestions aimed at ensuring the universality, objectivity and non-selectivity of the consideration of human rights issues in United Nations human rights forums.

2. The Preparatory Committee, pursuant to the objectives contained in paragraph I of General Assembly resolution 45/155 of 18 December 1990, should keep in view the equal importance and indivisibility of all categories of human rights as well as the interrelationship between human rights, democracy and development in full respect for the Charter of the United Nations, and should take into account relevant resolutions adopted by the Commission on Human Rights at its forty-seventh session.

3. The Preparatory Committee should encourage, by all appropriate means, all States which have not done so, to become parties to international human rights instruments and, in particular, the International Covenants on Human Rights.

4. The Preparatory Committee should consider how the World Conference and its preparatory process can work towards improving implementation of existing human rights standards and instruments, evaluating and formulating concrete recommendations aimed at improving methods and mechanisms used by the United Nations in the field of human rights and ways to minimize duplication wherever possible.

5. The Preparatory Committee should consider the results and further prospects of the World Public Information Campaign for Human Rights.

6. The Preparatory Committee should examine ways and means of evaluating the role of advisory services stressing the need to strengthen the United Nations system of advisory services and technical assistance and emphasizing that these services are based on a cooperative approach aimed at strengthening the respect for human rights and at overcoming obstacles that impede the full enjoyment of human rights. The Preparatory Committee should also recommend ways and means to encourage States to avail themselves of these services.

7. The Preparatory Committee should consider ways and means of promoting a universal culture of human rights by strengthening cooperation through regional meetings and activities and the encouragement of regional institutions, taking into account conditions specific to different regions, as well as by increasing the impact and presence of the United Nations system, bodies and mechanisms in the field of human rights throughout the world.

8. In order to take into account views in different regions regarding the promotion and protection of human rights, including the implementation of international human rights instruments, the Preparatory Committee should promote and consider means of financing regional meetings and activities, and should also encourage various activities at the national level.

9. The Preparatory Committee should examine ways and means by which the World Conference could encourage the establishment or strengthening of governmental and non-governmental institutions at the national level aiming at the promotion of human rights.

10. The Preparatory Committee should make recommendations to the World Conference regarding further possibilities of improving the implementation of applicable international law through national legislation.

11. The Preparatory Committee should examine ways and means for strengthening the Centre for Human Rights including, inter alia, increasing financial support and full application of article 101 (3) of the Charter of the United Nations as well as of Commission on Human Rights resolution 1989/54 of 7 March 1989.

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