National institutions for the protection and promotion of human rights.

1987/40. National institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights

The Commission on Human Rights, Recalling its relevant resolutions and those resolutions of the General Assembly concerning national institutions for the promotion and Protection of human rights, notably General Assembly resolution 41/129 of 4 December 1986, Mindful of the guidelines on the structure and functioning of national and local institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights endorsed by the General Assembly in its resolution 33/46 of 14 December 1978, Recognizing the priority which should now be accorded to development of appropriate arrangements at the national level to ensure effective implementation of international human rights standards, Conscious of the significant role that institutions at the national level can play in promoting and protecting human rights and fundamental freedoms and in developing and enhancing public awareness of those rights and freedoms, Welcoming the holding of seminars at Geneva, under the auspices of the United Nations, in June and July 1983 on the experience of different countries in the implementation of international standards on human rights, and in September 1985 on commissions for community relations, as well as current United Nations initiatives relating to the development of national arrangements to combat racial discrimination,

1. Emphasizes the importance of developing effective national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights in accordance with national legislation and of maintaining the effectiveness, independence and integrity of such institutions, and encourages all Member States to establish and, where they already exist, to strengthen such national institutions;

2. Encourages all Member States as well as the Centre for Human Rights to promote the exchange of information and experience concerning the establishment and operation of such national institutions;

3. Recognizes the constructive role that non-governmental organizations can play in relation to national institutions;

4. Welcomes the consolidated report of the Secretary-General on national institutions (E/CN.4/1987/37) and requests the Secretary-General to submit this report through the Economic and Social Council to the General Assembly at its forty-second session for consideration with a view to its early dissemination as a handbook of the United Nations;

5. Recognizes the role of national institutions as focal points for the dissemination of human rights materials and in other public information activities in the field of human rights, including those programmes under the auspices of the United Nations;

6. Requests the Secretary-General to provide all necessary assistance to Member States upon their request in the implementation of paragraphs 1, 2 and 5 above, according priority to the needs of developing countries and taking into account the priority activities identified in the consolidated report on national institutions;

7. Decides to consider this question again at its forty-fourth session under the agenda item entitled "Further promotion and encouragement of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the question of the programme and methods of work of the Commission; alternative approaches and ways and means within the United Nations system for improving the effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms".

54th meeting
10 March 1987
[Adopted without a vote. See chap. XI.]
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