The right of peoples to self-determination and its application to peoples under colonial or alien domination or foreign occupation : question of Western Sahara.

1983/6. The right of peoples to self-determination and its application to peoples under colonial or alien domination or foreign occupation - Question of Western Sahara[1]22

The Commission on Human Rights, Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, Bearing in mind the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other relevant international instruments relating to human rights, Recalling the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, adopted by the General Assembly in resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960, Conscious of its responsibility to promote and encourage observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, Bearing in mind the profound concern of the United Nations, the Organization of African Unity and the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries regarding the decolonization of Western Sahara and the right of the people of that territory to self-determination and independence, Considering the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly on the question of Western Sahara, and particularly resolution 37/28 of 23 November 1982 and decision 37/411 of 23 November 1982, Recalling the decision on the question of Western Sahara adopted by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity at its eighteenth ordinary session, held at Nairobi, Kenya, from 24 to 27 June 1981, to organize throughout the territory of Western Sahara a general and free referendum on self-determination Recalling the various decisions adopted by the Implementation Committee on Western Sahara of the Organization of African Unity concerning the establishment of appropriate machinery to enable the people of Western Sahara to express themselves freely and democratically on their future, Recalling also its resolutions 4 (XXXVI) of 15 February 1930, 12 (XXXVII) of 6 March 1981 and 1982/15 of 25 February 1982,

1. Reaffirms the inalienable right of the people of Western Sahara to self-determination and independence in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, the Charter of the Organization of African Unity and the objectives of General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV), as well as with the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly and the Organization of African Unity;

2. Reiterates its appeal to the two parties to the dispute, Morocco and the Frente Popular para la Liberacion de Sanguia el-Hamra y de Rio de Oro (Frente Polisario) to enter into direct negotiations with a view to concluding a cease-fire, which is an indispensable prerequisite for the organization of the referendum on self-determination;

3. Decides to follow closely the development of the situation in Western Sahara and to consider this question within the framework of the agenda item entitled "The right of peoples to self-determination and its application to peoples under colonial or alien domination or foreign occupation" at its fortieth session, as a matter of high priority.



[1]22 Adopted at the 23rd meeting, on 16 February 1983, by 16 votes to 2, with 15 abstentions. See chap. VII.
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