Last Updated: Tuesday, 11 December 2018, 09:02 GMT

Jordan: Whether Hamas persecute, kidnap, torture or abuse with impunity Jordanian citizens who disagree with its methods, policies and ideology

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 25 October 2000
Citation / Document Symbol JOR35666.E
Reference 2
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Jordan: Whether Hamas persecute, kidnap, torture or abuse with impunity Jordanian citizens who disagree with its methods, policies and ideology, 25 October 2000, JOR35666.E, available at: [accessed 11 December 2018]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

No information on whether Hamas' retaliate against Jordanian citizens who disagree with their methods could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

However, in August 1999, the Jordanian authorities, fearing that the presence of "radical Islamic elements" in Jordan would jeopardize peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority (Karmon 19 Nov. 1999), arrested Hamas militants and closed the organization's offices and journal in Amman (ibid.; Jewish Bulletin 1 Oct. 1999). The Jordanian authorities arrested two top leaders of Hamas, Khaled Masha'al and Ibrahim Ghosheh, on their return from a visit to Iran, in mid-September 1999 (ibid.; al-Jazeera TV 22 Sept. 1999). The Hamas leaders were accused of belonging to an "illegal organization" as well as storing weapons, conducting military exercises and using Jordan as a training base (Karmon 19 Nov. 1999; Jordan Times 18 Sept. 1999). On 22 November 1999 Jordan King Abdullah II issued a pardon to 25 officials of the "militant Palestinian group Hamas"(Indian Express 22 Nov. 1999). Five of the prisoners released were sent in exile to Qatar (ibid.). The authorities warned that firm action would be taken if the Palestinian organization resumed its activities on Jordanian soil (ibid.).

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


Al-Jazeera TV [Doha, in Arabic]. 22 September 1999. "Hamas Leaders Arrested on Arrival in Amman." (BBC Worldwide Monitoring 22 Sept. 1999/NEXIS)

Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA). 1 October 1999. Gil Sedan. "Jordan's King Puts his Foot Down on Hamas Activity." . [Accessed 25 Oct. 2000]

Indian Express [Bombay]. 22 November 1999. "Jordan King Pardons 25 Hamas Officials; Deports Four to Qatar." [Accessed 25 Oct. 2000]

Jordan Times [Amman, in English]. 18 September 1999. Tariq Ayyub. "Jordanian Official Details Hamas' 'Illegal' Acts." (FBIS-NES-1999-0918 18 Sep. 1999/WNC)

Karmon, Ely. 19 November 1999. "Hamas Terrorism Strategy: Operational Limitations and Political Constraints." International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism." [Accessed 25 Oct. 2000]

Additional Sources Consulted

IRB databases

Internet sources including:

Amnesty International

Country Reports 1999

Derechos – Human Rights. Human Rights in Jordan

Human Rights Watch (HRW)

The Jordan Times [Amman]

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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