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India: Information on who was the leader of the opposition in the Punjab Legislative Assembly on 18 April 1995, and information on the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 1 October 1996
Citation / Document Symbol IND25373.E
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, India: Information on who was the leader of the opposition in the Punjab Legislative Assembly on 18 April 1995, and information on the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), 1 October 1996, IND25373.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6ad4338.html [accessed 17 December 2017]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

 

Information on who was the leader of the opposition in the Punjab Legislative Assembly on 18 April 1995 could not be found among the sources consulted by the DIRB. However, it might be of interest to note that a 28 August 1996 article in The Tribune mentions Mr. Satnam Singh Kainth of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) as the leader of the opposition in the Punjab Legislative Assembly (5). In the February 1992 state elections the BSP won 9 seats, placing them second behind the Congress-I Party, which won 87 of the 117 total (Asian Survey Nov. 1992, 994; Keesing's Feb. 1992, 38762). The Europa World Year Book 1995 reported that in 1995 the BSP maintained its position as the second party in Punjab, with 9 seats (1995, 1486). A new election in the state is expected by winter or spring 1997 (The Tribune 21 Sept. 1996, 4).

According to The Political Handbook of the World: 1994-1995, the BSP, also known as the Party of the Majority, "represents India's disadvantaged and 'untouchables' (Harijans). It advances no program, save for 'power to the majority'" (1995, 393). The national leader of the BSP is Kanshi Ram (ibid.; Europa 1995, 1487; All India Radio Network 31 Mar. 1996, 51). For more information on the actvities of the BSP in Punjab, and other areas of India, please see the attachments.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum.

References

All India Radio Network [Delhi, in English]. 31 March 1996. "India: Janata Dal National General Secretary Defects to BSP." (FBIS-NES-96-065 3 Apr. 1996, 51)

Asian Survey [Berkeley]. November 1992. Vol. 32, No. 11. Gurharpal Singh. "The Punjab Elections of 1992: Breakthrough or Breakdown?"

The Europa World Year Book 1995. 1995. 36th ed. Vol. 1. London: Europa Publications.

Keesing's Record of World Events [Cambridge]. February 1992. Vol. 38, No. 2. "India: Elections in Punjab."

The Political Handbook of the World: 1994-1995. 1995. Edited by Arthur S. Banks. Binghamton, NY: CSA Publications.

The Tribune [Chandigarh]. 21 September 1996. P.P.S. Gill. "Cong Had Advantage of Numbers: Punjab Assembly Session Review."

_____. 28 August 1996. "BSP Student, Youth Wings Dissolved."

Attachments

Agence France Presse (AFP). 11 May 1996. "Results of India's General Elections." (DIRB Indexed Media Review [Ottawa]. 28 May 1996, Vol. 11, No. 19)

AJ [Varanasi, in Hindi]. 20 July 1995. Amitabh Agnihotri. "BJP, BSP Alliance Seen Doomed by Elections." (FBIS-NES-95-159 17 Aug. 1995, pp. 56-57)

All India Radio Network [Delhi, in English]. 31 March 1996. "India: Janata Dal National General Secretary Defects to BSP." (FBIS-NES-96-065 3 Apr. 1996, 51)

_____. 25 March 1996. "India: Bahujan Samaj Party Rules Out Alliance with Janata Dal." (FBIS-NES-96-058 25 Mar. 1996, p. 76)

_____. 28 October 1995. "Radio Reports on BSP Party Split in Uttar Pradesh." (FBIS-NES-95-210 31 Oct. 1995, pp. 82-83)

_____. 9 February 1994. "Killing of BSP Leader Sparks Violence in Varanasi." (FBIS-NES-94-027 9 Feb. 1994, pp. 50-51)

Asian Survey [Berkeley]. November 1992. Vol. 32, No. 11. Gurharpal Singh. "The Punjab Elections of 1992: Breakthrough or Breakdown?", p. 994.

India Abroad [Toronto]. 17 May 1996. "Elections Results: Winners and Runners Up." (DIRB Indexed Media Review [Ottawa]. 28 May 1996, Vol. 11, No. 20)

Indian Express [Delhi]. 6 October 1996. Jagtar Singh. "Akali Factions to Fight It Out in SGPC Polls." (Internet: http://express.indiaworld.com/daily/19961006/28050232.html)

Keesing's Record of World Events [Cambridge]. February 1992. Vol. 38, No. 2. "India: Elections in Punjab," p. 38762.

The Tribune [Chandigarh]. 26 September 1996. "Battle Lines for SGPC Poll Drawn," p. 3.

_____. 26 September 1996. "It's Fight Among 3 Women," p. 6.

_____. 22 September 1996. "4 Parties Form Front Against SAD," p. 4.

_____. 21 September 1996. P.P.S. Gill. "Cong Had Advantage of Numbers: Punjab Assembly Session Review," p. 4.

_____. 8 September 1996. "Punjab Reverts 18 Officers," p. 5.

_____. 3 September 1996. "Sahota Quits Akali Dal (A), Joins BSP," p. 4.

_____. 28 August 1996. "BSP Student, Youth Wings Dissolved," p. 5.

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at http://www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/en/. Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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