Ethiopia: Whether deportations of ethnic Eritreans from Ethiopia to Eritrea are still occurring since the war between Ethiopia and Eritrea ended as of February 2001
|Publisher||Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada|
|Author||Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada|
|Publication Date||3 August 2001|
|Citation / Document Symbol||ETH37502.E|
|Cite as||Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Ethiopia: Whether deportations of ethnic Eritreans from Ethiopia to Eritrea are still occurring since the war between Ethiopia and Eritrea ended as of February 2001, 3 August 2001, ETH37502.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3df4be3010.html [accessed 17 December 2017]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Two sources report that 722 Eritreans were deported from Ethiopia on 25 June 2001 (Dehai 28 June 2001; AFP 12 July 2001; see also IRIN 9 July 2001). Agence France Presse (AFP) stated that, according to the Red Cross, this was "the first involuntary repatriation since the two countries signed an accord to end their border war" (12 July 2001).
In the same article, AFP quoted the head of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) delegation in Eritrea, as he explained the procedure for voluntary repatriation:
We must have agreement of each concerned person, a one-to-one exchange wherein the person must answer the question: Do you agree to go or not? (ibid.)
AFP reported that the Red Cross choose not to participate in the 25 June 2001 repatriation because the Ethiopian government "refused to abide by the ICRC's requirement that those being repatriated express their consent" (ibid.). In the past year the ICRC has assisted in the repatriation of 35,891 Ethiopians from Eritrea and 911 Eritrean nationals from Ethiopia (ibid.).
No additional reports of deportations of ethnic Eritreans from Ethiopia to Eritrea since February 2001 could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.
This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.
Agence France Presse (AFP). 12 July 2001. "ICRC Concerned Over Ethiopia's Forced Deportation of Eritreans." (NEXIS)
Dehai Eritrea Online. 28 June 2001. "Eritrean Foreign Ministry: Ethiopia Resumes Deportation."
Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN). 9 July 2001. "Ethiopia-Eritrea: Ethiopian 'Repatriation' Practices Questioned."
Additional Sources Consulted
Attempts were made to contact four non-documentary sources.
Africa Research Bulletin
Internet sites including:
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
Cable News Network (CNN)
Global IDP Project
Human Rights Watch
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
Norwegian Refugee Council
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
United States Committee for Refugees (USCR)
World News Connection (WNC)