Last Updated: Friday, 19 January 2018, 17:46 GMT

2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Niue (self-governing state in free association with New Zealand)

Publisher United States Department of Labor
Author Bureau of International Labor Affairs
Publication Date 22 September 2005
Cite as United States Department of Labor, 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Niue (self-governing state in free association with New Zealand), 22 September 2005, available at: [accessed 20 January 2018]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

There is limited information regarding the extent and nature of child labor and the quality and provision of education in non-independent countries and territories eligible for GSP, AGOA, and CBTPA benefits. These countries and territories generally are not eligible to become members of the ILO, so ILO Conventions 138 and 182 do not apply to any of them.[4357] Territories are subject to laws of the sovereign country.

Statistics on the number of working children under the age of 15 in Niue are unavailable.[4399] Information is also unavailable on the incidence and nature of child labor. Education is compulsory from 5 to 16 years of age.[4400] In 2002, the gross primary enrollment rate was 118 percent, and the net primary enrollment rate was 97 percent.[4401] Gross and net enrollment ratios are based on the number of students formally registered in primary school and therefore do not necessarily reflect actual school attendance. Recent primary school attendance statistics are not available for Niue.

[4357] ILO official, electronic communication to USDOL official, January 31, 2002. Most of the areas covered in this summary report are considered by the ILO to be non-metropolitan territories and therefore, are ineligible to become members of the ILO. An ILO member can submit a declaration to the ILO requesting that these conventions apply to their non-metropolitan territories. See Constitution; available from


[4400] The compulsory age of education was raised from 14 to 16 years in 1998. See UNESCO, Education for All 2000 Assessment: Country Reports – Niue, prepared by Department of Education, pursuant to UN General Assembly Resolution 52/84, 1999; available from See also UNESCO Institute for Statistics, National Education Systems.

[4401] UNESCO Institute for Statistics, Global Education Digest 2004. For an explanation of gross primary enrollment and/or attendance rates that are greater than 100 percent, please see the definitions of gross primary enrollment rate and gross primary attendance rate in the glossary of this report.

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