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International humanitarian law (IHL) / Armed forces / Military

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Egypt Political Update

13 July 2012 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Country Profiles

Hungary: 1. What is the residency/citizenship status of Jews upon arrival following migration to Israel? What are the military service obligations for new Jewish migrants to Israel? 2. Does military service for a male migrant to Israel in his mid-30s indicate citizenship or permanent residency? 3. Would desertion from the Israeli Army lead to a loss of citizenship or permanent residency? 4. Deleted.

18 May 2012 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Syria: 1. Country Advice SYR39739 of 20 January 2012, states that that the Syrian government had recalled reservists in the wake of the Syrian uprising. However, this 2011 recall reportedly had mixed success with ‘credible evidence' suggesting that the regime was 'unable to call back more than 60 per cent of its reserves', according to a December 2011 report by Michael Weiss titled Safe Area for Syria: An Assessment of Legality, Logistics and Hazards. What were the reasons behind the government's inability to call back 60 per cent of its reserves? For example, were the reservists inaccessible or had they intentionally evaded the recall? 2. Is there any information to suggest that reservists have faced punishment or illtreatment for failing to respond to the government's recall of its reservists?

21 February 2012 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Lebanon: 1. What is the penalty for desertion from the Lebanese military? 2. Is there anything to suggest that 1 year imprisonment is disproportionate or other than the norm? 3. Is there anything to suggest that the law for desertion is applied disproportionately or discriminately in some cases, for example based on religion or political views?

13 January 2012 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Pakistan: 1. What evidence is there of individuals who are family members of members of the Pakistani army being targeted for harm by fundamentalist militant groups throughout Pakistan?

9 January 2012 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Philippines: 1. What is the CAFGU? 2. Do authorities have financial programs to assist the livelihood and reorientation of former rebels? Do they extend to former rebels who live overseas, such as Australia? How long is the program offered for? 3. Does the government have special protection/security programs to ensure the safety and security of former rebels? 4. Is there reporting that the NPA or the Philippine security forces harass or attack 'rebel returnees'? Particularly, are 'rebel returnees' that have not been politically active for a decade targeted? 5. Is there reporting of NPA or security force attacks on former CPP-NPA members that were in non-combatant roles? 6. Is there any country information indicating that blacklists of NPA/former NPA members exist? 7. Deleted. 8. Can you provide some background on Bayan Muna?

29 September 2011 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Fiji: 1. Deleted. 2. What is the attitude of Bainimarama and the military/police in Fiji to persons involved in the 2000 coup and to persons who may be perceived as able to name persons in Fiji society or the military who were associated with the 2000 coup?

16 May 2011 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Israel: 1. Are Arab Israeli-born women with prior family connections to the South Lebanon Army at risk of harm in south Lebanon at present? 2. Is Hezbollah known to be pressuring people in the south to co-operate with it in any way? If so, what types of people are being pressured, how does this manifest, and is there any information as to the consequences for those who do not co-operate? 3. Would the Lebanese government provide protection to such individuals? 4. Would relocation be an option to avoid harm (if any is apparent). 5. Is there a UN base or are there UN officials in or near Nakoura?

29 October 2010 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Zimbabwe: 1. Please provide the latest material update on the situation in Zimbabwe for members of the MDC and their treatment by ZANU PF and the police and military. 2. Is there information on any relevant activities of the MDC in Mashonaland West and in particular the district of Chinhoyi? Are you able to confirm what position J. Karemba holds with the MDC in that office? 3. Please provide some background information on the split that occurred in the MDC in 2005 resulting in the MDC-T and the MDC-M? Please provide information on any significant evolution and the present status of the split.

1 October 2010 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Zimbabwe: 1. Deleted. 2. Deleted. 3. Does the Zimbabwe National Army (ZNA) pursue deserters? If so, how and when do they commence this pursuit? I.e. how long do they wait until someone is assumed to have deserted?

3 August 2010 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

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