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Age, gender and diversity / Female genital mutilation (FGM)

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Kenya: 1. Is it usual for women to become members of the Mungiki? 2. Are women given positions of responsibility in the Mungiki? 3. What does the initiation ceremony for female members of the Mungiki involve? 4. Is there any information on the way the Mungiki conduct their meetings? 5. Do the Mungiki force women in their thirties to undergo FGM? 6. Are the Mungiki still engaged in violence in Kenya? If yes, whom do they target? 7. Do the Kenyan authorities provide protection to individuals against harm by the Mungiki?

13 January 2012 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

RRT Case No. 1101038

14 April 2011 | Judicial Body: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Christian - Country of origin information (COI) - Female genital mutilation (FGM) - Forced marriage - Gender-based persecution - Non-state agents of persecution - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) - Social group persecution | Countries: Australia - Uganda

Kenya: 1. Is there continuing ethnic tension in Kenya between the Kikuyu and Luo tribes? 2. To what extent do members of the Luo tribe suffer discrimination or harm from members of the Mungiki or from Kikuyu people generally? 3. What is the situation in this regard in the Mathare area of Nairobi? 4. Are there other areas of Nairobi or Kenya where people of the Luo tribe might be safe from tribal violence? 5. Do the Mungiki or the Kikuyu tribe practice female circumcision? 6. Are there any reports of Luo women being circumcised or threatened with circumcision by members of the Mungiki or the Kikuyu tribe? 7. Please provide information on the treatment of single women and their children by the state and by Kenyan society generally. 8. What protection is available to single women who might fear harm (including circumcision) or discrimination?

1 March 2011 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Kenya: 1. Where are the following places in relation to each other: Nyeri, Narok Town, Narumoru Town in Nanyuki District and Githima? 2. Are the Mungiki known to be active in these areas? 3. Is the government cracking down on the Mungiki? 4. Are the Mungiki known to hand out letters stating that certain people are members? 5. Do the Mungiki turn against/threaten family members? Are they more likely to target female family members without husbands? 6. How dominant are the Kikuyu in the above areas? 7. Do the authorities protect people threatened with female genital mutilation? 8. Deleted.

27 July 2010 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Indonesia: 1. Please advise of the difficulties faced by disabled females in Indonesia, in particular dwarfs? 2. Please advise if disabled females in Indonesia have access to education and employment and if they face any other discrimination? 3. Please advise of the propensity of female genital mutilation in Indonesia; the type and at what age it occurs. 4. Please provide information on the propensity of female genital mutilation amongst the Arab community in Indonesia. 5. Please provide information on the type of circumcision that is performed in Yemen and at what age. 6. Please advise if the Indonesian government or police provide effective protection to dwarfs and to those facing female genital mutilation from their family. 7. Please provide any other information that is relevant regarding female genital mutilation in Arab communities in Indonesia and protection of or difficulties faced by dwarves in Indonesia

31 March 2009 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

RRT Case No. 0808751

18 March 2009 | Judicial Body: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Effective protection - Female genital mutilation (FGM) - Non-state agents of persecution - Social group persecution - State protection - Women-at-risk | Countries: Australia - Uganda

Uganda: 1. Please provide information on the practice of FGM in Uganda. 2. Is the practice prevalent amongst members of the Sebei tribe in Kapchorwa? 3. If so, what is the particular procedure followed amongst the Sebei? 4. At what age are girls required to undergo FGM? 5. What is the attitude of the authorities towards FGM? 6. Have there been concerted efforts to prevent or ban the practice? 7. Are perpetrators punished? 8. Is protection available to potential victims? 9. [deleted]

27 February 2009 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Malaysia: 1. Muslim to Christian converts; 2. Non practising Muslims; 3. Disabled children. Is there any evidence in support of the following? 4. Forced female circumcision; 5. Christian females being forced to marry Muslims; 6. Children being removed if not being raised as Muslims; 7. Anything else of relevance

27 March 2008 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Egypt: 1. Please advise whether female genital mutilation is illegal in Egypt? 2. Please advise what the attitude of authorities is towards FGM? 3. Please advise what steps have the government and/or NGOs taken to stop the practice? (The US State report refers to a conference in November in Cairo aimed at eradicating FGM). 4. Please advise what the attitude of the Coptic Church is towards FGM. Please provide any recent reports or statements by the Coptic Church on the practice? 5. Please advise whether the incidence of FGM is any different in the Coptic Christian community? 6. Are there any recent studies on the prevalence of FGM in Egypt? 7. What age are girls subjected to FGM? 8. Is the incidence of FGM any different in the big cities? 9. What groups of women are more at risk of FGM? 10. Who performs FGM? 11. Have there been any charges or action taken against doctors or midwives who perform FGM? 12. Are there any reports on women who have refused to be circumcised?

15 February 2008 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Ghana: 1. Please provide information on Female Genital Mutilation in Ghana. 2. Please provide information on the trafficking of young women in Ghana. 3. Please provide information on the exploitation of young women by employers in Ghana

31 May 2007 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

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