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Age, gender and diversity / Women-at-risk

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RRT Case No. 1215611

1 October 2013 | Judicial Body: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Internal flight alternative (IFA) / Internal relocation alternative (IRA) / Internal protection alternative (IPA) - Persecution based on political opinion - Right to education - Social group persecution - State protection - Women-at-risk | Countries: Australia - Pakistan

RRT Case No. 1301911

31 July 2013 | Judicial Body: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Cumulative grounds of persecution - Social group persecution - Women's rights - Women-at-risk | Countries: Australia - India

Malaysia: 1. What are the attitudes towards domestic violence (DV) by the Government of Malaysia? 2. What (if any) women's refuges exist for victims of DV? 3. What assistance might a woman expect from police with respect to death threats by her husband and son?

12 June 2012 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Pakistan: 1. Please provide information on the general level of crime in Faisalabad. 2. To what extent do authorities provide protection against such criminal activity? 3. Please provide information on the situation for older women living alone in Faisalabad (including in relation to their ability to maintain a household and whether there are any reports of such people being targeted for criminal activity). 4. What support or protection is available to older women living alone, particularly in Faisalabad? 5. To what extent has the Taliban been active in Faisalabad? 6. What steps have the Pakistani authorities taken to address such activity?

23 March 2012 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Bangladesh: 1. What is the current political/social/religious situation in Bangladesh, in particular for women? 2. If a woman refuses to marry/pray/wear the hijab, what are the consequences in the family and wider community? 3. What happens if a woman refuses to follow Sharia practices, and is known for not 'liking' Sharia? 4. Is the treatment any different for a woman who has subsequently married and is relatively wealthy? 5. How effective/interested are the police and the Rapid Action Battalion in protecting women from religious violence?

23 December 2010 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Zambia: 1. Please provide background and demographic information on the ethnic composition of Zambia and in particular the Tonga speaking people. Please include where they come from, what is their level of adherence to their traditional beliefs, and what is their relationship and standing within the modern Zambian community. 2. Please provide information on the customs and traditions associated with the death customs of the Tonga speaking people of Zambia. 3. Please advise the status of, the extent of and the legality of polygamy in Zambia. 4. Please provide some background information on Chief Hamusonde's chiefdom in the Monze District of southern Zambia. For example, what is it and how does it relate to other chiefdoms and Zambia generally? 5. Deleted. 6. Deleted. 7. Please provide information on the "cleansing ritual", the "naming ritual" and the "property grabbing" (presumably distribution of deceased estates) in Zambia. 8. Please provide information on local laws regarding "cleansing rituals", including whether the law permits it and whether the law requires condoms be used during such rituals. 9. Please discuss whether there are songs played on radio and television in Zambia regarding "unclean widows" called "Muka-mfwilwa", and how they warn men to stay away from them and how it encourages women to go back to their in-laws and be cleansed. 10. Please provide information on "widowed women in Zambia" as a possible particular social group. 11. Please provide information on the treatment of women and especially widows in the Tonga speaking ethnic group in Zambia. 12. Please provide information on the existence and activities of the women's lobby group in Lusaka. 13. Please provide general information on the effectiveness of police and state protection, and the extent of corruption in Zambia, particularly in respect to the protection of widowed or single women

24 November 2010 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

India: 1. What is the definition of domestic violence in Indian law? 2. Can men, by definition, be subjected to domestic violence, and therefore claim protection though the legal system from domestic violence? 3. What does country information indicate about the prevalence of domestic violence against men in India? 4. Is there information that raises the issue of discrimination against Indian men who have brought shame upon their wives' families? 5. What country information is available concerning false dowry cases being brought against husbands or men in India? 6. Does the information provide the motivation behind such cases: e.g. revenge, retribution, an illegal means of making money? 7. Does the information indicate that a man subjected to serious harm by his wife's family would be unable to seek redress against the perpetrators of the harm he fears through the Indian police and legal system? 8. Does country information indicate that a man who has had a false dowry case brought against him would be unable to seek redress against the perpetrators of the harm he fears through the Indian police and legal system? 9. Is there information available that people would not be able to obtain police protection if they are poor and cannot bribe police?

12 November 2010 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

RRT Case No. 1005628

21 September 2010 | Judicial Body: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Country of origin information (COI) - Older persons - Residence permits / Residency - SGBV - Safe third country - Social group persecution - Women-at-risk | Countries: Afghanistan

Zimbabwe: 1. Please provide information about "kuripa ngozi" (or virgin pledging) - the customary practice of offering a young girl or grown women as compensatory payment in inter-family disputes as well as in the appeasement of avenging deceased spirits. Is it widespread? 2. Is "kuripa ngozi" referred to in Zimbabwe's Domestic Violence Act? Please provide the relevant clauses or section. 3. Is there information that the police do not uphold the laws relating to domestic violence? 4. At what age is a woman considered an adult in Zimbabwe? 5. At what age can a woman marry in Zimbabwe? 6. Deleted. 7. Deleted

16 September 2010 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

RRT Case No. 1004365

2 September 2010 | Judicial Body: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Gender-based persecution - Grounds for persecution - Mental health - Multiple nationality - Non-state agents of persecution - SGBV - Safe third country - Social group persecution - State protection - Women-at-risk | Countries: Albania

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