Last Updated: Tuesday, 12 December 2017, 12:58 GMT

European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union

To ensure that the law is enforced, understood and uniformly applied in all Member States, a judicial institution is essential. That institution is the Court of Justice of the European Communities. It is composed of three courts: the Court of Justice (created in 1952), the Court of First Instance (created in 1988) and the Civil Service Tribunal (created in 2004). The Court of Justice of the European Communities, together with the national courts, thus constitutes the European Community’s judiciary. The Court’s main task is to interpret Community law uniformly and to rule on its validity. It answers questions referred to it by the national courts, which play a vital role, as they apply Community law at local level. The judgments of the Court of Justice of the European Communities — together with the treaties, regulations, directives and decisions — make up Community law.  Website: curia.europa.eu/en/
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Opinion of Advocate General Bot: A.S. v. Staatssecretaris van Veiligheid en Justitie

16 November 2017 | Judicial Body: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Evidence (including age and language assessments / medico-legal reports) - Family reunification - Refugee status determination (RSD) / Asylum procedures - Right to family life - Unaccompanied / Separated children | Countries: Netherlands

Majid Shiri

25 October 2017 | Judicial Body: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 2013 Dublin III Regulation (EU) | Topic(s): Burden-sharing and international co-operation - Deportation / Forcible return - Effective remedy - Refugee status determination (RSD) / Asylum procedures | Countries: Austria - Bulgaria - Iran, Islamic Republic of

K. v Staatssecretaris van Veiligheid en Justitie

14 September 2017 | Judicial Body: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Immigration Detention - Proof of nationality - Reception - Refugee status determination (RSD) / Asylum procedures - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Iran, Islamic Republic of - Netherlands

Mohammad Khir Amayry v Migrationsverket (Sweden)

13 September 2017 | Judicial Body: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 2013 Dublin III Regulation (EU) | Topic(s): Burden-sharing and international co-operation - Deportation / Forcible return - Immigration Detention - Refugee status determination (RSD) / Asylum procedures | Countries: Sweden

Slovak Republic and Hungary v Council of the European Union

6 September 2017 | Judicial Body: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 2013 Dublin III Regulation (EU) | Topic(s): Burden-sharing and international co-operation - Forced relocation - Refugee status determination (RSD) / Asylum procedures | Countries: Hungary - Slovakia

A.S. v Republika Slovenija

26 July 2017 | Judicial Body: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 2013 Dublin III Regulation (EU) | Topic(s): Border controls - Border crossers - Deportation / Forcible return - Refugee / Asylum law - Refugee status determination (RSD) / Asylum procedures - Rejection at border | Countries: Slovenia - Syrian Arab Republic

Tsegezab Mengesteab v Bundesrepublik Deutschland

26 July 2017 | Judicial Body: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 2013 Dublin III Regulation (EU) | Topic(s): Asylum policy - Deportation / Forcible return - Refugee / Asylum law - Refugee status determination (RSD) / Asylum procedures | Countries: Eritrea - Germany

Khadija Jafari and Zainab Jafari (Austria)

26 July 2017 | Judicial Body: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 2013 Dublin III Regulation (EU) | Topic(s): Border controls - Border crossers - Refugee status determination (RSD) / Asylum procedures - Transit - Visas | Countries: Afghanistan - Austria

Opinion of Advocate General Sharpston: Mossa Ouhrami

18 May 2017 | Judicial Body: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 2008 Returns Directive (EU) | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Illegal entry - Illegal immigrants / Undocumented migrants | Countries: Algeria - Netherlands

Chavez-Vilchez and Others v Raad van bestuur van de Sociale verzekeringsbank and Others

10 May 2017 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Annual Reports

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