Last Updated: Friday, 15 December 2017, 16:28 GMT

Internet Under Surveillance 2004 - Ghana

Publisher Reporters Without Borders
Publication Date 2004
Cite as Reporters Without Borders, Internet Under Surveillance 2004 - Ghana, 2004, available at: [accessed 16 December 2017]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.
  • Population: 20,471,000
  • Internet users: 170,000 (2002)
  • Average charge for 20 hours of connection: 34 euros
  • DAI*: 0.16
  • Situation**: middling

The media is genuinely free and the Internet, accessed by fewer than 1 per cent of the population, is little monitored.

The Ghana News Agency (GNA) stopped sending material to the news website Ghanaweb without explanation on 13 November 2003. It eventually said the site had been accused of altering and twisting the content of GNA items. Ghanaweb said the reason for the cut-off was political pressure after the site mentioned a rumour about President John Kufuor's family that was considered insulting and was based on a GNA news item. After pressure by Ghanaweb, the agency resumed sending material to the site a few weeks later.


* The DAI (Digital Access Index) has been devised by the International Telecommunications Union to measure the access of a country's inhabitants to information and communication technology. It ranges from 0 (none at all) to 1 (complete access).

** Assessment of the situation in each country (good, middling, difficult, serious) is based on murders, imprisonment or harassment of cyber-dissidents or journalists, censorship of news sites, existence of independent news sites, existence of independent ISPs and deliberately high connection charges.

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