2013 Annual Survey of Violations of Trade Union Rights - Japan
|Publisher||International Trade Union Confederation|
|Publication Date||6 June 2013|
|Cite as||International Trade Union Confederation, 2013 Annual Survey of Violations of Trade Union Rights - Japan, 6 June 2013, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/51b8516a3b.html [accessed 26 July 2016]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Interference by employers: American Apparel closes stores wherever unions are able to effectively negotiate with management. In September 2012, a store in Tokyo was closed after the union successfully argued for the reinstatement of a worker who had been unfairly dismissed. While management agreed to reinstate the worker it decided to close the store without providing any further justification.
Public sector workers do not have the right to strike: The National Public Service Law and the Local Public Service Law provide that public employees who incite strike action can be fined, sentenced to up to three years' imprisonment, dismissed, reprimanded with a pay cut or disciplined. The police, prison staff, Japan Coast Guard personnel and members of Japan's Self-Defense Forces do not have the right to organise.