International Trade Union Confederation, 2013 Annual Survey of Violations of Trade Union Rights - Ethiopia, 6 June 2013, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/51b8517318.html [accessed 11 December 2017]
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Teachers and civil servants are excluded from the right to freedom of association and collective bargaining: The Labour Proclamation does not grant the right to freedom of association and collective bargaining to teachers and civil servants. The National Teachers' Association applied for registration more than three years ago but remains unregistered. Several trade union leaders and members were imprisoned.
Excessive list of essential services: Article 136 of the Labour Proclamation includes transport as an essential service. This means that workers at Anbessa City Bus and Ethiopian Airlines are excluded from the right to strike. Trade unions that carry out a strike in an essential service can be dissolved by the public authorities.