Sahel: Security concerns obscuring five-country humanitarian emergency
|Publisher||International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)|
|Publication Date||14 November 2017|
|Cite as||International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Sahel: Security concerns obscuring five-country humanitarian emergency, 14 November 2017, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/5a0ea0a34.html [accessed 20 January 2018]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
The precarious security situation in Africa's Sahel region is overshadowing a massive humanitarian crisis affecting 12 million people in five countries, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said today.
Armed conflict, trans-national crime and climate hazards are causing immense human suffering, triggering an increase in intra-African displacement and migration toward Europe from the five countries -- Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso and Chad.
"The focus in the Sahel is on security issues, but this obscures a major tragedy: millions of families who are hungry and desperate for survival," Patrick Youssef, ICRC's deputy director for Africa, said during the Dakar International Forum on Peace and Security in Africa.
"If we do not help the region on the humanitarian and development side, the consequences will be serious, including more displacement. Many of these locations are already strong breeding grounds for radicalization and extremism," Youssef added.
The ongoing conflicts in the Lake Chad region and Mali, combined with the activities of armed groups across borders, have serious consequences for neighboring Burkina Faso and Mauritania. The region's challenges are exacerbated by climate change, poverty and food shortages. Three-quarters of the region's 80 million people are under age 35, and while job opportunities are already scarce, the population is expected to double in 30 years.
"States must act now with the help of the international community to address the root causes of the problems and help strengthen the resilience of people here," Youssef said. "Ensuring civilians are not harmed in conflict and ensuring detainees are treated with respect both help bring a lasting end to conflict."
The ICRC is helping more than 1.5 million people in the five countries by providing improved seeds, tools, fertilizers, livestock fodder and livestock vaccinations. Despite the pressing needs, the region is one of the most under-funded that ICRC works in globally.