Last Updated: Tuesday, 17 October 2017, 16:02 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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M.E. v. Sweden (Grand Chamber)

8 April 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) - Persecution on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity - Security situation | Countries: Libya - Sweden

M.E. v. Sweden

26 June 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Country of origin information (COI) - Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) - Persecution on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity - Right to family life | Countries: Libya - Sweden

Hirsi Jamaa and Others v. Italy

Related documents: UNHCR's oral intervention at the European Court of Human Rights - Hearing of the case Hirsi and Others v. Italy (22 June 2011); and Submission by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in the Case of Hirsi and Others v. Italy (29 March 2011); and Intervener Brief filed on behalf of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (5 May 2011).

23 February 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Countries: Eritrea - Italy - Libya - Somalia

A v. Netherlands

20 July 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Asylum-seekers - Deportation / Forcible return - Exclusion clauses - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - National security / Public order - Opposition | Countries: Libya - Netherlands

A.E. v. Poland

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

31 March 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Freedom of movement - Right to family life - Right to justice | Countries: Libya - Poland

Hussun et autres c. Italie

11 May 2006 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Aliens - Effective remedy - Expulsion - Migrants | Countries: Italy - Libya

Shamsa c. Pologne

The detention of the applicants in the transit zone beyond the deadline for their expulsion was therefore declared contrary to Art. 5 para. 1 of the ECHR. The judgment is only available in French.

27 November 2003 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Expulsion | Countries: Libya - Poland

Shamsa c. Pologne

5 December 2002 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Countries: Libya - Poland

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