Last Updated: Friday, 24 March 2017, 15:16 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-9 of 9 results
Tadzhibayev v. Russia

1 December 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Extradition - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Torture - Uzbek | Countries: Kyrgyzstan - Russian Federation

M.T. v. Sweden

26 February 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Physical harm - Right to health - Torture - Uighur | Countries: Kyrgyzstan - Sweden

A.F. c. France

15 January 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Credibility assessment - Darfuri - Torture | Countries: France - Sudan

A.A. c. France

15 January 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Appeal / Right to appeal - Armed forces / Military - Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Evidence (including age and language assessments / medico-legal reports) - Suspensive effect - Torture | Countries: France - Sudan

Ermakov v. Russia

7 November 2013 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Deportation / Forcible return - Effective remedy - Extradition - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Muslim - National security / Public order - Prison or detention conditions - Torture | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

Mannai c. Italie

27 March 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Non-refoulement - Torture | Countries: Italy - Tunisia

Zontul c. Grèce

17 January 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Torture - Treaties / Agreements / Charters / Protocols / Conventions / Declarations | Countries: Greece - Turkey

Othman (Abu Qatada) v. The United Kingdom

17 January 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Diplomatic assurances - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Non-refoulement - Regional instruments - Right to justice - Right to liberty and security - Torture - Treaties / Agreements / Charters / Protocols / Conventions / Declarations | Countries: Jordan - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Ould Dah c. France

Admissibility decision.

17 March 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Armed forces / Military - Criminal justice - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Torture - Transitional justice (including amnesty laws) | Countries: France - Mauritania

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