Last Updated: Thursday, 23 February 2017, 12:30 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-10 of 23 results
O.M. v. Hungary

5 July 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Immigration Detention - Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) - Prison or detention conditions | Countries: Hungary - Iran, Islamic Republic of

Oliari and Others v. Italy

21 July 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Civil and political rights - Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) - Right to family life | Countries: Italy

M.E. v. Sweden (Grand Chamber)

8 April 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) - Persecution on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity - Security situation | Countries: Libya - Sweden

M.E. v. Sweden

26 June 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Country of origin information (COI) - Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) - Persecution on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity - Right to family life | Countries: Libya - Sweden

X c. Turquie

9 October 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) - Persecution on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity - Pre-trial detention - Prison or detention conditions | Countries: Turkey

P.V. c. Espagne

30 November 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Countries: Spain

Alekseyev v. Russia

21 October 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Effective remedy - Freedom of assembly and association - Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) - Sexual and reproductive rights | Countries: Russian Federation

Santos Couto c. Portugal

28 September 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) - Right to family life | Countries: Portugal

Schalk and Kopf v. Austria

24 June 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) - Right to family life | Countries: Austria

Kozak v. Poland

2 March 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Family law - Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) - Right to family life | Countries: Poland

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