Last Updated: Wednesday, 26 April 2017, 09:40 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-10 of 36 results
Zokhidov v. Russia

5 February 2013 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Effective remedy - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

Virabyan v Armenia

2 October 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Armenia

I.M. c. France

Intervention orale du HCR devant la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme Audience dans l'affaire I.M. c. France, 17 mai 2011 ; Observations actualisées du Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés devant la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme dans l'affaire I. M. c. France, requête no. 9152/09, 31 mars 2011; Observations écrites du Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés devant la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme dans l'affaire I. M. c/ France, requête no. 9152/09, septembre 2009.

2 February 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Effective remedy - Expedited procedures - Immigration Detention - Non-refoulement - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness - Suspensive effect | Countries: France - Sudan

Khamzayev and Others v. Russia

3 May 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Chechen - Housing, land and property rights (HLP) - Right to family life - Right to life - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Russian Federation

Kerimova and Others v. Russia

3 May 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Chechen - Housing, land and property rights (HLP) - Right to family life - Right to life - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Russian Federation

Fatih Taş c. Turquie

5 April 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Effective remedy - Freedom of expression - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Turkey

Uzer c. Turquie

21 September 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Effective remedy - Evidence (including age and language assessments / medico-legal reports) - Exhaustion of domestic remedies - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Human rights courts - Legal representation / Legal aid - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness - Witnesses | Countries: Turkey

Shchukin and Others v. Cyprus

29 July 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Effective remedy - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Immigration law - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Cyprus

Karaarslan v. Turkey

27 July 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Appeal / Right to appeal - Criminal justice - Military courts - Military law - Right to justice - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Turkey

Tovsultanova v. Russia

17 June 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Abduction - Armed forces / Military - Chechen - Communal conflict / Social conflict - Disappeared persons - Exhaustion of domestic remedies - Ingush - Non-self-governing territories - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Russian Federation

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