Last Updated: Wednesday, 22 February 2017, 14:49 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Bader and Others v. Sweden

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

8 November 2005 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Well-founded fear of persecution | Countries: Sweden - Syrian Arab Republic

Said v. The Netherlands

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

5 July 2005 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Military service / Conscientious objection / Desertion / Draft evasion / Forced conscription - Well-founded fear of persecution | Countries: Eritrea - Netherlands

Venkadajalasarma v. The Netherlands

Final 17 May 2004.

17 February 2004 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Expulsion - Well-founded fear of persecution | Countries: Netherlands - Sri Lanka

Tomic v. The United Kingdom

14 October 2003 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Decision on admissibility - Well-founded fear of persecution | Countries: Croatia - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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