Last Updated: Thursday, 23 February 2017, 14:58 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-10 of 12 results
Sargsyan v. Azerbaijan

16 June 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Armenian - Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Effective remedy - Housing, land and property rights (HLP) - Religious discrimination - Return conditions | Countries: Azerbaijan

Fozil Nazarov v. Russia

11 December 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Freedom of religion - Non-refoulement - Religious discrimination - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

Singh et autres c. Belgique

2 October 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Minorities - Proof of nationality - Refoulement - Religious discrimination - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) - Safe third country - Sikh | Countries: Afghanistan - Belgium

Boychev et autres c. Bulgarie

27 January 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Effective remedy - Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Religious discrimination - Unification Church | Countries: Bulgaria

Milanovic v. Serbia

14 December 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Hare Krishna - Hindu - Religious discrimination | Countries: Serbia

Savez Crkava Riječ Života and Others v. Croatia

9 December 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Religious discrimination - Right to education | Countries: Croatia

O'Donoghue and Others v. the United Kingdom

14 November 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Freedom of religion - Religious discrimination - Right to family life | Countries: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Seyidzade v. Azerbaijan

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

3 December 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Civil and political rights - Elections - Religious discrimination | Countries: Azerbaijan

Loffelmann v. Austria

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

12 March 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Jehovah's Witness - Military service / Conscientious objection / Desertion / Draft evasion / Forced conscription - Religious discrimination | Countries: Austria

Gutl v. Austria

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

12 March 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Jehovah's Witness - Military service / Conscientious objection / Desertion / Draft evasion / Forced conscription - Religious discrimination | Countries: Austria

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