Last Updated: Friday, 28 April 2017, 08:07 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-10 of 44 results
A.M. v. the Netherlands

5 July 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Exhaustion of domestic remedies - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Hazara - Persecution based on political opinion | Countries: Afghanistan - Netherlands

M.D. et M.A. c. Belgique

19 January 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Chechen - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Opposition - Persecution based on political opinion - Refugee status determination (RSD) / Asylum procedures | Countries: Belgium - Russian Federation

Petropavlovskis v. Latvia

13 January 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Citizenship / Nationality law - Denial of nationality - Effective remedy - Freedom of assembly and association - Freedom of expression - Naturalization - Persecution based on political opinion - Rights of non-citizens - Statelessness | Countries: Latvia

Kaplan and Others v. Norway

24 July 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Expulsion - Persecution based on political opinion - Persecution of family members - Political groups - Right to family life | Countries: Norway - Turkey

Khadzhiev v. Bulgaria

3 June 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Extradition - Immigration Detention - Persecution based on political opinion - Persecution of family members - Turkmen | Countries: Bulgaria - Russian Federation - Turkmenistan

F.G. v. Sweden (Fifth Section)

16 January 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Human rights and fundamental freedoms - Persecution based on political opinion - Regional instruments - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) | Countries: Iran, Islamic Republic of - Sweden

S.F. and Others v. Sweden

15 May 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Persecution based on political opinion | Countries: Iran, Islamic Republic of - Sweden

Diallo v. the Czech Republic

23 June 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Asylum-seekers - Deportation / Forcible return - Effective remedy - Manifestly unfounded / Clearly abusive claims - Persecution based on political opinion - Refoulement - Safe third country - Suspensive effect | Countries: Czech Republic - Guinea

T.N. and S.N. v. Denmark

20 January 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Combatants / Former combatants - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Persecution based on political opinion - Rejected asylum-seekers - Tamil | Countries: Denmark - Sri Lanka

T.N. v. Denmark

20 January 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Combatants / Former combatants - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Persecution based on political opinion - Rejected asylum-seekers - Tamil | Countries: Denmark - Sri Lanka

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