Last Updated: Thursday, 23 February 2017, 14:58 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-10 of 23 results
V.M. et autres c. Belgique

7 July 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Reception - Roma | Countries: Belgium - France - Serbia

Sargsyan v. Azerbaijan

16 June 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Armenian - Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Effective remedy - Housing, land and property rights (HLP) - Religious discrimination - Return conditions | Countries: Azerbaijan

Lacatus and others v. Romania

13 November 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Right to family life - Roma | Countries: Romania

Fedorchenko and Lozenko v. Ukraine

20 September 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Effective remedy - Right to life - Roma | Countries: Ukraine

Soare et autres c. Roumanie

22 February 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Effective remedy - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Right to life | Countries: Romania

Dimitrova and Others v. Bulgaria

27 January 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Right to life - Roma | Countries: Bulgaria

Saidoun c. Grèce

28 October 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Naturalization - Refugees - Right to family life | Countries: Greece - Lebanon

Bingol c. Turquie

22 June 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Freedom of conscience - Freedom of expression - Freedom of speech - Kurd - Political parties | Countries: Turkey

Petrakidou v. Turkey

Request for referral to the Grand Chamber pending

27 May 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Effective remedy - Freedom of assembly and association - Non-self-governing territories - Political situation - Right to liberty and security - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Turkey

Asproftas v. Turkey

27 May 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Effective remedy - Freedom of assembly and association - Non-self-governing territories - Political situation - Right to liberty and security - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Turkey

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