Last Updated: Monday, 23 October 2017, 10:48 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Ramadan v. Malta

On 21 June, the European Court of Human Rights delivered its judgement in Ramadan v. Malta, a case concerning the revocation of Maltese citizenship that rendered the applicant stateless. The Court did not find any violation of Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), but noted that arbitrary revocation of citizenship can in certain circumstances be problematic under Article 8 because of its impact on the right to private life. Judge Pinto de Albuquerque’s dissenting opinion called on the Court to recognize the right to citizenship as an autonomous right under the ECHR and referenced to UNHCR’s Global Action Plan to End Statelessness. A request to refer the case to the Grand Chamber is currently pending.

21 June 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Citizenship / Nationality law - Statelessness | Countries: Malta

R.D. c. France

16 June 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Effective remedy - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Persecution of family members - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) | Countries: France - Guinea

R.B.A.B. and Others v. the Netherlands

7 June 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Female genital mutilation (FGM) - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment | Countries: Netherlands - Sudan

Biao v. Denmark (Grand Chamber)

24 May 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Prevention of discrimination - Right to family life | Countries: Denmark - Ghana - Togo

Ha.A. c. Grèce

21 April 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Greece - Iraq

Sakir c. Grèce

24 March 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Access to procedures - Illegal entry | Countries: Afghanistan - Greece

F.G. v. Sweden

23 March 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) - Right to life | Countries: Iran, Islamic Republic of - Sweden

Novruk and Others v. Russia

15 March 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): HIV and AIDS - Right to family life | Countries: Kazakhstan - Moldova, Republic of - Russian Federation - Ukraine - Uzbekistan

Kholmurodov c. Russie

1 March 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Topic(s): Effective remedy - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Prison or detention conditions - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

Pajić v. Croatia

23 February 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Right to family life | Countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina - Croatia

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