Last Updated: Friday, 28 April 2017, 08:07 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-10 of 21 results
Z.A. and others v. Russia

28 March 2017 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Iraq - Palestine, State of - Russian Federation - Somalia - Syrian Arab Republic

X. and X. v. Belgian State

7 March 2017 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Family reunification - Refugee / Asylum law - Visas | Countries: Belgium - Syrian Arab Republic

Case of S.K v. Russia

14 February 2017 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Effective remedy - Exhaustion of domestic remedies - Humanitarian protection (including tolerated stay) - Physical harm - Right to life - Security situation | Countries: Russian Federation - Syrian Arab Republic

Qaateh and Others v. Greece

20 January 2017 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Legal Articles/Analyses/Commentaries

L.M. and Others v. Russia

15 October 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Russian Federation - Syrian Arab Republic

Nassr Allah v. Latvia

21 July 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Prison or detention conditions - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Latvia - Syrian Arab Republic

A.H. and J.K. v. Cyprus

21 July 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Country of origin information (COI) - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Cyprus - Syrian Arab Republic

K.F. v. Cyprus

21 July 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Country of origin information (COI) - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Cyprus - Syrian Arab Republic

H.S. and others v. Cyprus

21 July 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Country of origin information (COI) - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Cyprus - Syrian Arab Republic

A.S. v. Switzerland

30 June 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Burden-sharing and international co-operation - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - Regional instruments - Right to family life | Countries: Italy - Switzerland - Syrian Arab Republic

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