Last Updated: Friday, 24 March 2017, 15:16 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 31-40 of 69 results
Alipour and Hosseinzadgan v. Turkey

13 July 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Forced marriage - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions - Prosecution vs persecution - Refugees | Countries: Iran, Islamic Republic of

R.C. v. Sweden

9 March 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Country of origin information (COI) - Evidence (including age and language assessments / medico-legal reports) - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Persecution based on political opinion - Refoulement - Unlawful departure | Countries: Iran, Islamic Republic of - Sweden

Nduwayezu v. Sweden

Admissibility application.

8 December 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Asylum-seekers - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Human rights activists - Persecution based on political opinion - Persecution of family members - Tutsis | Countries: Burundi - Sweden

I.N. v. Sweden

14 September 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Country of origin information (COI) - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Persecution based on political opinion - Persecution of family members - Political parties - Right to life | Countries: Burundi - Sweden

A.M. and Others v. Sweden

Admissibility application.

16 June 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed forces / Military - Criminal justice - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - Residence permits / Residency - Right to family life - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Russian Federation - Sweden

Eminbeyli v. Russia

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

26 February 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Azeri - Extradition - Immigration Detention - Refugees - Right to liberty and security - Statelessness | Countries: Azerbaijan

S.M. v. Sweden

10 February 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Credibility assessment - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Mental health - Persecution based on political opinion - SGBV | Countries: Congo, Democratic Republic of the - Sweden

F.H. v. Sweden

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

20 January 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed forces / Military - Christian - Country of origin information (COI) - Criminal justice - Deportation / Forcible return - Extrajudicial executions - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Non-state agents of persecution - Persecution based on political opinion - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) - Right to life - Security situation | Countries: Iraq - Sweden

MH v. Sweden

21 October 2008 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Asylum-seekers - Criminal justice - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Persecution based on political opinion - Right to justice - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Palestine, State of - Sweden

AA v. Sweden

Admissibility decision.

2 September 2008 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Country of origin information (COI) - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Mental health - Military service / Conscientious objection / Desertion / Draft evasion / Forced conscription - Persecution based on political opinion - Political parties - Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) | Countries: Sri Lanka - Sweden

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