Last Updated: Wednesday, 26 April 2017, 09:40 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-10 of 10 results
Z.A. and others v. Russia

28 March 2017 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Iraq - Palestine, State of - Russian Federation - Somalia - Syrian Arab Republic

Moxamed Ismaaciil and Abdirahman Warsame v. Malta

12 January 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Appeal / Right to appeal - Arbitrary arrest and detention - Effective remedy - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions | Countries: Malta - Somalia

R.H. v. Sweden

10 September 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Forced marriage - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - SGBV - Security situation | Countries: Somalia - Sweden

A.A. and Others v. Sweden

24 July 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Credibility assessment - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment | Countries: Somalia - Sweden

K.A.B. v Sweden

5 September 2013 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Regional instruments - Right to life | Countries: Somalia - Sweden

Aden Ahmed v. Malta

23 July 2013 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Habeas corpus - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Malta - Somalia

Samsam Mohammed Hussein and Others v. the Netherlands and Italy

2 April 2013 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Countries: Italy - Netherlands - Somalia

Sufi and Elmi v. United Kingdom

28 June 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Complementary forms of protection - Country of origin information (COI) - Deportation / Forcible return - EU Qualification Directive - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Internal armed conflict - Internal flight alternative (IFA) / Internal relocation alternative (IRA) / Internal protection alternative (IPA) - International protection - Rejected asylum-seekers - Returnees - Security situation | Countries: Somalia - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Osman v. Denmark

14 June 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Right to family life | Countries: Denmark - Somalia

Ahmed v. Sweden

16 May 2006 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - HIV and AIDS - Public health | Countries: Sweden

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