Last Updated: Tuesday, 26 September 2017, 14:53 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-4 of 4 results
Ahmed v. the United Kingdom

2 March 2017 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Refugee / Asylum law - Rejected asylum-seekers | Countries: Somalia - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

A.A. and Others v. Sweden

24 July 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Credibility assessment - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment | Countries: Somalia - Sweden

Sufi and Elmi v. United Kingdom

28 June 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Complementary forms of protection - Country of origin information (COI) - Deportation / Forcible return - EU Qualification Directive - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Internal armed conflict - Internal flight alternative (IFA) / Internal relocation alternative (IRA) / Internal protection alternative (IPA) - International protection - Rejected asylum-seekers - Returnees - Security situation | Countries: Somalia - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Ahmed v. Austria

17 December 1996 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Expulsion - Human rights and fundamental freedoms - Non-refoulement - Refoulement | Countries: Austria - Somalia

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