Last Updated: Tuesday, 25 July 2017, 15:13 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Alekseyev v. Russia

21 October 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Effective remedy - Freedom of assembly and association - Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) - Sexual and reproductive rights | Countries: Russian Federation

Jehovah's Witnesses of Moscow v. Russia

10 June 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Freedom of assembly and association - Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Jehovah's Witness - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Russian Federation

Barankevich v. Russia

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

26 July 2007 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom of assembly and association - Freedom of religion - Religious discrimination | Countries: Russian Federation

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