Last Updated: Friday, 22 September 2017, 11:21 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Khalisat Daytbegova and Mariat Magomedova v. Austria: Statement of Facts and Questions to the Parties

On 10 February 2012 the ECtHR applied the interim measure under Rule 39 and requested the Austrian Government to stay the expulsion of the applicants from Austria to Italy under the Dublin II Regulation, until further notice.

30 January 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Countries: Austria - Italy - Russian Federation

A.M. and Others v. Sweden

Admissibility application.

16 June 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed forces / Military - Criminal justice - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - Residence permits / Residency - Right to family life - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Russian Federation - Sweden

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