Last Updated: Tuesday, 15 August 2017, 18:21 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-6 of 6 results
Fozil Nazarov v. Russia

11 December 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Freedom of religion - Non-refoulement - Religious discrimination - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

Nizamov and Others v. Russia

7 May 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Criminal justice - Deportation / Forcible return - Extradition - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

Sidikovy v. Russia

20 June 2013 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Extradition - Political groups - Pre-trial detention - Prison or detention conditions - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) | Countries: Russian Federation - Tajikistan

Y v. Russia

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

4 December 2008 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Expulsion - Falun Gong - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) - Right to family life | Countries: China - Russian Federation

Ismoilov and Others v. Russia

Partial decision.

12 December 2006 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Extradition - Extrajudicial executions - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Persecution based on political opinion - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) | Countries: Russian Federation

Jeltsujeva v. The Netherlands

1 June 2006 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Internal flight alternative (IFA) / Internal relocation alternative (IRA) / Internal protection alternative (IPA) - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) - Unaccompanied / Separated children | Countries: Netherlands - Russian Federation

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