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Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Al-Skeini and Others v. United Kingdom

This judgment is final but may be subject to editorial revision.

7 July 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): International armed conflict - Right to life - Security forces - Security situation | Countries: Iraq - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Al-Saadoon and Mufdhi v. United Kingdom

2 March 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Combatants / Former combatants - Death penalty - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Right to life | Countries: Iraq - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Al-Saadoon and Mufdhi v. United Kingdom

Admissibility application. See also the judgment on merits: Al-Saadoon and Mufdhi v. United Kingdom; and the judgment of the Court of Appeal (England and Wales): R (on the application of (1) Faisal Attiyah Nassar Al-Saadoon (2) Khalaf Hussain Mufdhi) v. Secretary of State for Defence [2009] EWCA Civ 7.

30 June 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Death penalty - Effective remedy - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - International humanitarian law (IHL) / Geneva Conventions - Jurisdiction - Right to life | Countries: Iraq - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Pretty v. United Kingdom

This judgment became final on 29 July 2002.

29 April 2002 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Right to family life - Right to life | Countries: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

D. v. United Kingdom

The case is numbered 146/1996/767/964. The first number is the case's position on the list of cases referred to the Court in the relevant year (second number). The last two numbers indicate the case's position on the list of cases referred to the Court since its creation and on the list of the corresponding originating applications to the Commission.

2 May 1997 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - HIV and AIDS - Right to family life - Right to life | Countries: Saint Kitts and Nevis - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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