Last Updated: Wednesday, 28 June 2017, 08:57 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Kebe and others v. Ukraine

12 January 2017 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Access to procedures - Border controls - Effective remedy - Grounds for persecution - Refugee status determination (RSD) / Asylum procedures | Countries: Djibouti - Eritrea - Ukraine

Sharifi et autres c. Italie et Grèce

21 October 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Access to procedures - Effective remedy - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Non-refoulement - Refoulement - Rescue at sea / Interception at sea | Countries: Afghanistan - Eritrea - Greece - Italy - Sudan

Hirsi Jamaa and Others v. Italy

Related documents: UNHCR's oral intervention at the European Court of Human Rights - Hearing of the case Hirsi and Others v. Italy (22 June 2011); and Submission by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in the Case of Hirsi and Others v. Italy (29 March 2011); and Intervener Brief filed on behalf of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (5 May 2011).

23 February 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Countries: Eritrea - Italy - Libya - Somalia

Gebremedhin [Gaberamadhien] c. France

Cet arrêt deviendra définitif dans les conditions définies à l'article 44 § 2 de la Convention. Il peut subir des retouches de forme.

26 April 2007 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Access to procedures - Airports - Effective remedy - Pre-entry procedures | Countries: Eritrea - France

Gebremedhin [Gaberamadhian] c. France

10 October 2006 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom of expression - Persecution based on political opinion | Countries: Eritrea - France

Tuquabo-Tekle and Others v. the Netherlands

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

1 December 2005 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Family reunification - Right to family life | Countries: Eritrea - Netherlands

Said v. The Netherlands

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

5 July 2005 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Military service / Conscientious objection / Desertion / Draft evasion / Forced conscription - Well-founded fear of persecution | Countries: Eritrea - Netherlands

Tuquabo-Tekle and Others v. the Netherlands

19 October 2004 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Family reunification - Right to family life | Countries: Ethiopia - Netherlands

Said v. The Netherlands

5 October 2004 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Decision on admissibility - Freedom of expression - Freedom of speech - Persecution based on political opinion | Countries: Eritrea - Netherlands

Said v. The Netherlands

17 September 2002 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Decision on admissibility | Countries: Eritrea - Netherlands

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