Last Updated: Friday, 23 June 2017, 14:43 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-10 of 37 results
Thimothawes v. Belgique

4 April 2017 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Immigration Detention - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Belgium - Egypt

X. and X. v. Belgian State

7 March 2017 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Family reunification - Refugee / Asylum law - Visas | Countries: Belgium - Syrian Arab Republic

Paposhvili v. Belgium

13 December 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Right to health | Countries: Belgium - Georgia

Factsheet - Roma and Travellers

July 2016 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Country Reports

M.D. et M.A. c. Belgique

19 January 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Chechen - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Opposition - Persecution based on political opinion - Refugee status determination (RSD) / Asylum procedures | Countries: Belgium - Russian Federation

Sow c. Belgique

19 January 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Effective remedy - Evidence (including age and language assessments / medico-legal reports) - Female genital mutilation (FGM) - Forced marriage - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Gender-based persecution - SGBV | Countries: Belgium - Guinea

V.M. et autres c. Belgique

7 July 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Reception - Roma | Countries: Belgium - France - Serbia

Ouabour c. Belgique

2 June 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Effective remedy - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Terrorism | Countries: Belgium - Morocco

S.J. v. Belgium (Grand Chamber)

19 March 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Expulsion - HIV and AIDS - Residence permits / Residency - Right to health | Countries: Belgium - Nigeria

S.J. c. Belgique (cinquième section)

The case was referred to the Grand Chamber (7 July 2014) (see 'related document').

27 February 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Expulsion - HIV and AIDS - Right to health | Countries: Belgium - Nigeria

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