Last Updated: Tuesday, 22 August 2017, 16:13 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-10 of 10 results
M.M. and Others v. The Netherlands

Linked applications: 26268/09, 33314/09 and 53926/09

19 June 2017 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Decision on admissibility - Effective remedy - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Right to family life - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Afghanistan - Netherlands

Sharifi et autres c. Italie et Grèce

21 October 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Access to procedures - Effective remedy - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Non-refoulement - Refoulement - Rescue at sea / Interception at sea | Countries: Afghanistan - Eritrea - Greece - Italy - Sudan

Safaii v. Austria

7 May 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Effective remedy - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Transit | Countries: Afghanistan - Austria - Greece

Ahmade c. Grèce

25 September 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Countries: Afghanistan - Greece

G.R. v. The Netherlands

10 January 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Effective remedy - Right to family life | Countries: Afghanistan - Netherlands

M and Others v. Bulgaria

26 July 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Effective remedy - Immigration Detention - National security / Public order - Refugees - Right to family life - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Afghanistan - Bulgaria

Rahimi c. Grèce

5 April 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Asylum-seekers - Effective remedy - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions - Right to liberty and security - Unaccompanied / Separated children | Countries: Afghanistan - Greece

M.S.S. v. Belgium and Greece

This judgment is final but may be subject to editorial revision.

21 January 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Access to procedures - Effective remedy - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Non-refoulement - Reception - Safe third country - Single procedure | Countries: Afghanistan - Belgium - Greece

Quraishi c. Belgique

Admissibility application.

12 May 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Asylum-seekers - Effective remedy - Expulsion - Immigration Detention - Refoulement - Right to liberty and security - Safe third country - Single procedure - Women-at-risk | Countries: Afghanistan

Ghulami c. France

Admissibility application.

7 April 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Effective remedy - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Rejected asylum-seekers | Countries: Afghanistan - France

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