Last Updated: Monday, 27 March 2017, 14:58 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-10 of 28 results
A.M. v. the Netherlands

5 July 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Exhaustion of domestic remedies - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Hazara - Persecution based on political opinion | Countries: Afghanistan - Netherlands

Sakir c. Grèce

24 March 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Access to procedures - Illegal entry | Countries: Afghanistan - Greece

Z.H. and R.H. v. Switzerland

8 December 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Children's rights - Expulsion - Right to family life | Countries: Afghanistan - Italy - Switzerland

N.M. c. Roumanie

10 February 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Access to procedures - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Prison or detention conditions - Terrorism | Countries: Afghanistan - Romania

Tarakhel v. Switzerland

4 November 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Asylum-seekers - Children-at-risk - Deportation / Forcible return - Flight by land, air or sea - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Reception - Regional instruments - Right to family life | Countries: Afghanistan - Italy - Pakistan - Switzerland

Sharifi et autres c. Italie et Grèce

21 October 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Access to procedures - Effective remedy - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Non-refoulement - Refoulement - Rescue at sea / Interception at sea | Countries: Afghanistan - Eritrea - Greece - Italy - Sudan

Mohammadi v. Austria

3 July 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Asylum-seekers - Deportation / Forcible return - Expulsion - Non-refoulement - Refugee status determination (RSD) / Asylum procedures - Regional instruments - Safe third country | Countries: Afghanistan - Austria - Hungary - Serbia

Safaii v. Austria

7 May 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Effective remedy - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Transit | Countries: Afghanistan - Austria - Greece

Sharifi v Austria

5 December 2013 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Regional instruments - Safe third country | Countries: Afghanistan - Austria - Greece

Housein c. Grèce

24 October 2013 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Habeas corpus - Immigration Detention | Countries: Afghanistan - Greece

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