Last Updated: Thursday, 23 February 2017, 14:58 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-10 of 11 results
Feti Demirtas c. Turquie

17 January 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Jehovah's Witness - Military service / Conscientious objection / Desertion / Draft evasion / Forced conscription | Countries: Turkey

Tsaturyan v. Armenia

10 January 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Jehovah's Witness - Military service / Conscientious objection / Desertion / Draft evasion / Forced conscription | Countries: Armenia

Bukharatyan v. Armenia

10 January 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Jehovah's Witness - Military service / Conscientious objection / Desertion / Draft evasion / Forced conscription | Countries: Armenia

Bayatyan v. Armenia

This judgment is final but may be subject to editorial revision.

7 July 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Jehovah's Witness - Military service / Conscientious objection / Desertion / Draft evasion / Forced conscription | Countries: Armenia

Jehovah's Witnesses of Moscow v. Russia

10 June 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Freedom of assembly and association - Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Jehovah's Witness - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Russian Federation

Bayatyan v. Armenia

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

27 October 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom of religion - Jehovah's Witness - Military service / Conscientious objection / Desertion / Draft evasion / Forced conscription | Countries: Armenia

Loffelmann v. Austria

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

12 March 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Jehovah's Witness - Military service / Conscientious objection / Desertion / Draft evasion / Forced conscription - Religious discrimination | Countries: Austria

Gutl v. Austria

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

12 March 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Jehovah's Witness - Military service / Conscientious objection / Desertion / Draft evasion / Forced conscription - Religious discrimination | Countries: Austria

Religionsgemeinschaft der Zeugen and Others v. Austria

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

31 July 2008 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom of assembly and association - Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Jehovah's Witness | Countries: Austria

Kuznetsov and Others v. Russia

FINAL: 11/04/2007.

11 January 2007 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom of religion - Jehovah's Witness | Countries: Russian Federation

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